France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collective area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequent to its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and classified ad centre. extra major urban areas intensify Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the late center Ages, taking into consideration its victory in the Hundred Years’ engagement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of unprejudiced history’s primeval republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. past the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating taking into account the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World deed I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World conflict II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. similar to liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and innovative dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, past most retaining close economic and military friends following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great faculty in global affairs, innate one of the five enduring members of the joined Nations Security Council considering the faculty to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast let pass of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a supporter of the organization of 7, North Atlantic concurrence government (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go forward (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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france history 1789 ce timemaps map of france 1789 ce on the verge of revolution what is happening in france in 1789ce after cardinal mazarin s death in 1661 the young king louis xiv took personal control of the government map of france in 1789 emersonkent com map description historical map of france in 1789 illustrating top left the gouvernements and their capitals top right the generalities generalites or intendancies and their capitals france map in 1789 lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from www timemaps com world history timeline france history ad 1789 france map in 1789 makemediocrityhistory org france map in 1789 pleasant to my own weblog within this occasion we ll explain to you in relation to france map in 1789 now this is actually the first picture french revolution maps alphahistory com this french revolution site contains articles sources and perspectives on events in france between 1781 and 1795 this site is created and maintained by alpha history historical maps of france edmaps com france ecclesiastical map 1789 and 1802 william shepherd historical atlas 1926 french revolutionary conquests 1789 1797 france 1791 william shepherd historical atlas 1926 map of revolutionary paris 1789 emersonkent com map description historical map of revolutionary paris 1789 credits university of texas at austin from the public schools historical atlas edited by c colbeck 1905 map of france departments regions cities france map the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history europe in 1789 themaparchive com in 1789 the french revolution began not only did it have profound and lasting effects on the political future of france it began a series of drastic changes in the systems of power and alliances across europe 1789 en france wikipedia 5 et 6 octobre 1789 au cours des journees revolutionnaires des 5 et 6 octobre 1789 une foule composee majoritairement de femmes se dirige de paris a versailles officiellement pour reclamer du pain a louis xvi qui repond favorablement a cette demande 68