France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories append French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amass place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic next its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. further major urban areas complement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The settlement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late center Ages, in imitation of its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of liberal history’s out of date republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took skill and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous consent of governments culminating gone the start of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World dogfight I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World exploit II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and future dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, taking into consideration most retaining near economic and military links in the same way as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the subject of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, visceral one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council taking into consideration the gift to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer confess of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the work of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and take forward (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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detailed terrain map of france maphill terrain map shows different physical features of the landscape unlike to the maphill s physical map of france topographic map uses contour lines instead of colors to show the shape of the surface google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps detailed terrain map of provence alpes cote d azur maphill terrain map shows different physical features of the landscape unlike to the maphill s physical map of provence alpes cote d azur topographic map uses contour lines instead of colors to show the shape of the surface physical map of france topography about france com physical topographical map of france topography the highest point in france is le mont blanc whose summit is at 4 810 45 m 15 782 ft above sea level le mont blanc lies on the border between france and italy just south of switzerland and is also the highest peak in europe geography of france wikipedia the geography of france consists of a terrain that is mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in the north and west and mountainous in the south including the pyrenees and the east the highest points being in the alps maps stamen com terrain stamen s terrain map style is lovingly crafted and free for the taking france map geography of france map of france france today is a sophisticated powerhouse of architecture art cinema cuisine fashion literature music and wine its countless attractions enchanting culture and pastoral countryside attract more visitors than any other country on the planet from google maps and heightmaps to 3d terrain 3d map generator terrain photoshop note all suggested heightmap services are not part of the 3d map generator terrain they are just options for getting a grayscale heightmap there is no guarantee of availability or maps for free com relief map x intention the vision of maps for free is to offer free worldwide relief maps and other layers which can easily be integrated into existing map projects openstreetmap openstreetmap is a map of the world created by people like you and free to use under an open license hosting is supported by ucl bytemark hosting and other partners