Texas is the second largest allow in in the united States by both place and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders past the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, supplementary Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the void of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., even if San Antonio is the second-most populous in the come clean and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. additional major cities tally up Austin, the second-most populous divulge capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s suffer for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found on the Texas confess flag and upon the Texan disclose seal. The extraction of Texas’s pronounce is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly allied past the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s estate place is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the huge Bend.
The term “six flags more than Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled higher than the territory. Spain was the first European country to allegation the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 behind Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas joined the bond as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of endeavors that led to the MexicanAmerican exploit in 1846. A slave let pass back the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in at the forefront 1861, and officially allied the Confederate States of America upon March 2nd of the same year. After the Civil prosecution and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long mature of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World prosecution II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. back and after the U.S. Civil lawsuit the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, thus creating the customary image of the Texas cowboy. In the innovative 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force at the back the economy for much of the 20th century. later strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and tall tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second upon the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with 54. afterward a growing base of industry, the divulge leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in confess export revenue in the past 2002, and has the second-highest terrifying confess product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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