Europe is a continent located completely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost ration of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be not speaking from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies subconscious geography, the home attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature before its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which revise upon a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a bright dividing line. The geographic connect with Europe and Asia does not follow any permit boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are after that transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in supplementary continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration get older marked the stop of ancient archives and the beginning of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the futuristic era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amongst the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various get older the Americas, in the region of every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to forward looking economic, cultural and social fiddle with in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a subside in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet bond and the allied States took prominence. During the frosty War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, bearing in mind the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a remove political entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the drop of the Soviet sticking together in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes attach and immigration controls in the middle of most of its enthusiast states.
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the history of europe every year this video shows the borders and populations of each country in europe for every year since 400 bc vassal states and colonies are not included in the count of a country s population history of europe 6013 years in 3 minutes finally enjoy and before you comment yes i know that austria wasn t part of the warsaw pact during the cold war also napoleon is in this historical maps of europe edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the european history from its beginning to our days atlas of european history wikimedia commons history maps this section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present day europe illustrated with maps including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present day europe animation how the european map has changed over 2 400 years how the european map has changed over 2 400 years the history of europe is breathtakingly complex while there are rare exceptions like andorra and portugal which have had remarkably static borders for hundreds of years jurisdiction over portions of the continent s landmass has changed hands innumerable times euratlas history and geography of europe a brief history of europe from year 1 until year 1000 in maps with pictures and concise explanation historical cartography of europe physical geography and images euratlas is a website dedicated mainly to the historical geography of europe but it offers also a world atlas and a wide collection of pictures in order to give a comprehensive view of history and geography