Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely self-denying seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares gain access to land borders later than France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). following approximately 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous believer confess of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant physical the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic similar to a handing out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant skill in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a times of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can in addition to be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in advance middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous enemy city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great prosperity through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for radical capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the stop of Europe, bringing a renewed combination in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered additional routes to the in the distance East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s public notice and embassy capacity significantly waned similar to the launch of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amongst the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was when conquered and supplementary on bad terms by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a grow old of radical political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was in this area entirely unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the before 20th century, Italy hurriedly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite visceral one of the main victors in World case I, Italy entered a grow old of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World feat II upon the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. in imitation of the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, received a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a extremely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically objector countries, afterward its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a extremely high computer graphics expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and diplomatic affairs; it is both a regional aptitude and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading zealot of the European union and a aficionado of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the hold for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as well as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a reflection of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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the geography of italy map and geographical facts explore the geography of italy with this map and information about the mountains rivers volcanoes seas regions and the climate of italy detailed map of italy roads mountains seas and even a change the map view the satellite view is like a physical map if you wish you can change view there are two more types click on map to view a political map of italy to view the names of places roads and regional borders with dashed lines or click hybrid to get the satellite view together with place names list of mountains of italy wikipedia this page contains a sortable table listing mountains of italy all mountain heights and prominences on the list are from the largest scale maps available in the list only the exact location of the culminating point of the mountain is considered italy physical map free world maps italy geography map showing the major geographical features of italy italy map in hd high resolution physical map of italy shaded relief map of italy italy rivers map showing the major rivers and hydrography of italy italy peaks map showing the highest peaks and mountains in italy regions of italy abruzzo aosta valley apulia basilicata calabria campania emilia romagna friuli venezia italy mountains peakery includes 27 398 italy mountains see hiking info trail maps and trip reports for every peak general orography map euratlas euratlas mountains atlas of europe north africa and middle east general map with a clickable list of the mountains allowing to display the position of each mountain range its local name length and highest point dolomite mountains map dolomite mountains map dolomite mountains is the only locally run company based in the dolomites specializing in and providing unique experiences in adventure travel within one of the most beautiful natural settings on earth italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com italy has so much to see and do from skiing in the alps the lake district of the north the historic and stylish cities of florence milan naples siena turin and venice coastal cities and quaint little villages and of course rome and the holy see vatican apennine mountains wikipedia the ligurian apennines border the ligurian sea in the gulf of genoa from about savona below the upper bormida river valley to about la spezia la cisa pass below the upper magra river valley google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps