Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory plus includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the abandoned European country to have a visceral affix when an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as well as share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary following Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas supplement Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula just about 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequently ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman adjudicate regarding 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician reveal Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion by yourself a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting going on to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to incline the invasion. similar to the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time forward looking period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were after that many advancements in the arts, like world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish teacher work, Don Quixote, was with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in imitation of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a zealot of the allied Nations (UN), the European bond (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the paperwork of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact giving out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press forward (OECD), giving out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade management (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an qualified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto fanatic of the group.
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languages of spain wikipedia present day languages in terms of the number of speakers and dominance the most prominent of the languages of spain is spanish castilian spoken by about 99 of spaniards as a first or second language catalan or valencian is spoken by 19 galician by 5 and basque by 2 of the population spain maps ethnologue see a map of spain s languages create a free account to post feedback about a country or language and be notified when others do the same map of language areas of spain planetware 10 top tourist attractions in santiago de compostela easy day trips exploring the top attractions of barcelona s gothic quarter 16 top tourist attractions in segovia easy day trips 10 top rated pueblos blancos white villages of andalusia 11 top tourist attractions in cordoba easy day trips catalonia the catalan language 10 facts maps map from wikimedia fact 1 catalonia is both an autonomous community within spain big yellow area above but also a historic principality that extended into what is now france small dark yellow area what language is spoken in spain worldatlas com within spain approximately 88 of the population speaks it as their native language and 99 are able to speak it regional languages of spain co official regional languages include basque catalan galician and occitan maps of spain detailed map of spain in english tourist maps of spain collection of detailed maps of spain political administrative road physical topographical tourist and other map of spain cities of spain on the cards maps of spain in english collection of detailed maps of spain map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet languages of spain other than spanish thoughtco com true spanish is the national language and the only language you can use if you want to be understood almost everywhere but spain also has three other officially recognized languages and language use continues to be a hot political issue in parts of the country which languages are spoken in spain tripsavvy com in addition to the obvious spanish there are several other commonly spoken languages in spain depending on where you are in the country you may hear any one of the regional co official languages in addition to the spanish you may already be familiar with map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat