France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enlarge French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic subsequently its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. new major urban areas increase Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy center Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the announcement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating later the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World lawsuit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. behind liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and highly developed dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining near economic and military contacts afterward France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving not far off from 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequent to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vigor expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good faculty in global affairs, mammal one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council in the manner of the faculty to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer make a clean breast of the European sticking together and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the action of 7, North Atlantic harmony management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), the World Trade paperwork (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of le mans michelin le mans map viamichelin le mans map le mans michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 le mans map of le mans 72100 or 72000 france the city of le mans is a big french city located north west of france the city of le mans is located in the department of sarthe of the french region pays de la loire le mans pays de la loire map directions mapquest get directions maps and traffic for le mans pays de la loire check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit le mans wikipedia le mans pronounced is a city in france on the sarthe river traditionally the capital of the province of maine it is now the capital of the sarthe department and the seat of the roman catholic diocese of le mans le mans 2019 best of le mans france tourism tripadvisor le mans is famous as the setting for the 24 hours of le mans the grueling round the clock car race but it s also an ancient town with roman walls a beautiful cathedral and plenty of museums to see le mans france travel and tourism attractions and le mans is found about 80 kilometres north of tours and south of alencon known as the cite plantagenet it is here in le mans that in 1129 geoffrey plantagenet married matilda daughter of henry i of england and gave birth to henry ii le mans racingcircuits info the circuit de la sarthe is located on the edge of the town of le mans in maine westenr france the nearest international airport is tours val de loire airport around an hours drive to the south east paris and its international airports is 150 miles to the north approximately a 2 5 hours drive plan and map of the 24 hours of le mans circuit musee track map 24 hours of le mans circuit the 24 hours of le mans created in 1923 provides a circuit of 13 629 km including the bugatti circuit and main roads open to the public all year round the 15 best things to do in le mans 2019 with photos book your tickets online for the top things to do in le mans france on tripadvisor see 6 428 traveler reviews and photos of le mans tourist attractions find what to do today this weekend or in september we have reviews of the best places to see in le mans visit top rated must see attractions google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps