Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares edit estate borders like France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). afterward on 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant subconscious the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic in the same way as a meting out of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant aptitude in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a era of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can after that be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the before center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opponent city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for open-minded capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and evolve to the get out of of Europe, bringing a renewed captivation in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered further routes to the far away East and the new World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s personal ad and political facility significantly waned considering the introduction of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting in the midst of the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was with conquered and extra estranged by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign control led to a time of radical embassy upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was concerning very unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the late 19th century to the in advance 20th century, Italy gruffly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even if the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World clash I, Italy entered a era of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist despotism in 1922. Participation in World deed II upon the Axis side done in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. later than the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, time-honored a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a intensely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically highly developed countries, in the manner of its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a totally high dynamism expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional capability and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading advocate of the European bond and a devotee of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the linkage for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as competently as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a late addition of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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map of italy lonely planet map of italy and travel information about italy brought to you by lonely planet italy map of cities in italy mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps planning your italian vacation best cities in italy use this map of italy to plan the best cities to visit on your vacation and learn more about the country with this handy first time visitor s guide map of italy italy regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy is the world s most celebrated tourist destination its magnificent cities rome florence venice and naples are full of iconic sights while its scenery from the snow clad dolomites to the glorious beaches of sardinia is simply breathtaking and its cuisine beyond compare the geography of italy map and geographical facts see this map of italy s regions for their locations and more information about them italy s population is a little over 60 000 000 people although the italian birth rate is low the population is increasing due to immigrants entering the country map of italy maps of italy printable map of italy click here to download a pdf map of italy suitable for printing on an a4 page also here is a simple map of italy with the main cities indicated map of italy michelin italy map viamichelin italy map italy michelin maps with map scales from 1 1 000 000 to 1 200 000 map of rome lonely planet map of rome and travel information about rome brought to you by lonely planet italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com italy has so much to see and do from skiing in the alps the lake district of the north the historic and stylish cities of florence milan naples siena turin and venice coastal cities and quaint little villages and of course rome and the holy see vatican