Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the lonesome European country to have a swine affix next an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are along with allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary subsequently Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas put in Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula more or less 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along later than ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman consider almost 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician state Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and usual relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate every unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the further on eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to announce most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving isolated a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to incline the invasion. afterward the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance modern period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were next many advancements in the arts, past world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish assistant professor work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, bearing in mind King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, afterward the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing talent parity. It is a believer of the united Nations (UN), the European bond (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the giving out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic agreement government (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and improvement (OECD), doling out for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade meting out (WTO) and many new international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto devotee of the group.
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