France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tally up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a mass area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the same way as its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and trailer centre. supplementary major urban areas improve Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capacity in the tardy middle Ages, subsequently its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars together with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s obsolete republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took power and acknowledged the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating as soon as the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World exploit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World exploit II, but came below doings by the Axis powers in 1940. past liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequent to most retaining close economic and military links subsequent to France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, liveliness expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, swine one of the five unshakable members of the allied Nations Security Council once the capacity to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic divulge of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the group of 7, North Atlantic deal management (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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list of countries near france travel maps and driving the closest countries to france are listed below in order of increasing distance what are the countries surrounding france reference com the countries that are immediately on the border of france are germany spain belgium switzerland luxembourg monaco italy and andorra france also has a total of 2 130 miles of coastline facing the english channel the atlantic ocean and the mediterranean sea map of france france regions rough guides plan your trip around france with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of france which countries border france worldatlas com france shares land boundaries with eight countries which encompass italy germany belgium spain monaco andorra switzerland and luxembourg france has endeavored to maintain strong and mutually beneficial ties with all the neighboring states as a means of enhancing social cohesion and economic integration in the eurozone world map a clickable map of world countries the map above is a political map of the world centered on europe and africa it shows the location of most of the world s countries and includes their names where space allows representing a round earth on a flat map requires some distortion of the geographic features no matter how the map is done what countries border france list discover the france is the third largest country with most nuclear weapons making it the 3rd largest nuclear country it is one of the largest wind energy producing countries with annual 7196 mw it has number of attractions for the tourists and for this reason it is given the first rank as the most attractive place for tourism around the world world map maps of all countries cities and regions of c 2012 2019 ontheworldmap com free printable maps all right reserved map of europe europe map huge repository of european political map of europe above we have a massive map of europe the size of the map is 2500 pixels by 1761 to get the full view you need to click on the image and then click on the x in the top right corner below are the countries of europe and the respective capital list of territorial entities where french is an official french is an official language in 29 independent nations the following is a list of sovereign states and territories where french is an official or de facto language map of europe member states of the eu nations online europe map of member states of the european union the map is showing the european continent with european union member states new member states of the european union since 2004 2007 and 2013 member states of european free trade association efta and the location of country capitals and major european cities