Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost portion of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature past its first conception in classical antiquity. The hostility of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which change upon a spectrum rather than when a sharp dividing line. The geographic attach amid Europe and Asia does not follow any come clean boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are as well as transcontinental in that the main share is in Europe while pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers very nearly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is on bad terms into practically fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of nearly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. additional from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration epoch marked the end of ancient archives and the introduction of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the advocate era. in the past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. along with the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas, in this area every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French rebellion and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to advanced economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most share in Europe, contributing to a decrease in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet union and the associated States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was not speaking along the Iron Curtain amongst NATO in the West and the Warsaw settlement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, in the same way as a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, next the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European union (EU), a cut off diplomatic entity that lies in the middle of a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward in the past the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the course of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes attach and immigration controls in the course of most of its devotee states.
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category 18th century maps of europe wikimedia commons media in category 18th century maps of europe the following 26 files are in this category out of 26 total europe in the xviii century mapire the historical map web map tile service do you need the georeferenced version thanks to our wmts service you can import the georeferenced maps to your website or even your desktop application 18th century maps of central europe university of chicago 18th century maps of central europe this page provides access to scans of some of the 18th century maps of central europe that are held at the university of chicago library s map collection our maps of the 18th century and theirs geocurrents at a more local scale of analysis europe map the tendency is if anything more pronounced countries are what count in the public imagination to know the locations of the member states of the un is to have mastered world geography euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1700 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1700 old map of europe 18th century antique maps online antique map of europe 18th century brion carte de l europe dressee pour l etude de la geographie et assujettie aux astonominiques map 18th century to the present britannica com the rise of national surveys the development in europe of power conscious national states with standing armies professional officers and engineers stimulated an outburst of topographic activity in the 18th century reinforced to some extent by increasing civil needs for basic data map of the holy roman empire of german nation 1789 historical maps germany at the end of the 18th century historische karten deutschland am ende des 18 jahrhunderts cartes historiques l allemagne a la fin du xviiie siecle europe in the 18th century the euler archive in europe the eighteenth century was a period of intellectual social and political ferment this time is often referred to as the age of enlightenment for it was in the 18th century that the ideas of the previous 100 years were implemented on a broad scale historical maps of france edmaps com france in the thirteenth century r lane poole historical atlas of modern europe c 1900 gallia sacra r lane poole historical atlas of modern europe c 1900 france during the hundred years war r lane poole historical atlas of modern europe c 1900