Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be on bad terms from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land attach is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several get older past its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend on a spectrum rather than behind a sharp dividing line. The geographic link up in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any let pass boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and allied Kingdom are afterward transcontinental in that the main allocation is in Europe though pockets of their territory are located in new continents.
Europe covers practically 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of estate area). Politically, Europe is divided into virtually fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of not quite 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers upon much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. new from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration times marked the stop of ancient history and the arrival of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the innovative era. past the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. surrounded by the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various epoch the Americas, re all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French disorder and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the stop of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to advocate economic, cultural and social correct in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet linkage and the allied States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was on bad terms along the Iron Curtain surrounded by NATO in the West and the Warsaw agreement in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, when a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, following the idea of unifying Europe to accomplish common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. supplementary European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies amongst a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward back the drop of the Soviet grip in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes attach and immigration controls in the midst of most of its devotee states.
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map of europe during ww2 maps of world ww2 map of europe map of europe during ww2 provides details about the most devastating wars in the world know about the allies axis and neutral countries of europe during world war ii free world war 2 europe colouring map kids activity world war 2 europe colouring map for kids to colour if a country was on the side of the allies axis axis controlled or neutral world war 2 was a global war from 1939 1945 between the allied powers nbsp world war 2 started after germany led by dictator adolf hitler invaded poland in 1939 europe world war ii historical mapchart europe world war 2 november 1938 right after the first vienna award more wwii maps will be added in time depicting different time periods atlas of world war ii wikimedia commons world war ii in europe 1939 1941 french map german and italian control on june the 18th 1940 germans and italians are presented in blue non occupied france and united kingdom in yellow 42 maps that explain world war ii vox 3 after world war i the allies took territory away from germany fluteflute meeting in paris in 1919 at the end of world war i the victorious allies redrew the map of europe map of wwii major operations in europe emersonkent com map description historical map of wwii major operations 1939 1945 illustrating axis powers allies neutral countries credits courtesy of the united states military academy department of history world war ii maps europe wikimedia commons planned and actual territorial changes in central europe 1939 1940 polish campaign operations september 1 14 1939 polish campaign operations after september 14 1939 the second world war 1939 1945 the map as history com the second world war 1939 1945 hitler s invasion of poland in september 1939 led to the outbreak of the second world war during the early stages the conflict was confined mainly to europe but later extended to the rest of the world following the japanese attack on pearl harbor which led to the united states also entering the war