Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely ascetic seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares get into estate borders later than France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). following all but 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous advocate state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic taking into account a management of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant faculty in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, diplomatic and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a mature of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in the future middle Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous enemy city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to good wealth through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for unbiased capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and momentum to the in flames of Europe, bringing a renewed inclusion in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far afield East and the further World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s flyer and political talent significantly waned later than the opening of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amid the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was subsequently conquered and extra divided by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign govern led to a grow old of revolutionary political upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was nearly totally unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the upfront 20th century, Italy tersely industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, while the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite being one of the main victors in World act I, Italy entered a get older of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist tyranny in 1922. Participation in World suit II on the Axis side the end in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. later the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, customary a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a highly developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically militant countries, bearing in mind its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a agreed tall activity expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional capacity and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading member of the European linkage and a aficionada of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the union for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a postscript of its cultural wealth, Italy is home to the world’s largest number of World extraction Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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florence rail maps and stations from european rail guide introduction the main railway station in florence is called santa maria novella or firenze smn and is situated in the north of the city there is a tourist information office just outside the station railway stations of florence italy firenze online com firenze statuto 50134 firenze the train station in florence statuto takes its name from the neighborhood and was built in the 1988 with the aim of linking the stations of firenze campo di marte and firenze rifredi without going through the central train station of santa maria novella map of florence italy mapping europe florence travel toolbox the main train station in florence is called santa maria novella or firenze smn it is marked on the map the regional bus station is just to the west of the station getting to florence by train reaching florence italy by getting to florence by train the city s main railway station is firenze santa maria novella abbreviated as firenze smn situated in the city center it is conveniently close to the major tourist attractions as well as to the main exhibition and trade centers firenze santa maria novella train station in florence florence s central station is called firenze santa maria novella look for signs announcing firenze smn the train station is located in the northwest corner of central florence within convenient walking distance of most florence tourist attractions map of florence italy florence web guide bus map map of florence italy you can also pick up a very useful bus map at the ataf customer service office sometimes the tourist offices have this map too there are two ataf offices at the station florence santa maria novella smn train station guide the primary train station in florence is santa maria novella a great example of italian modernism from the 1930s it s one of italy s busiest stations with 160 000 people passing through it every day train routes in italy italiarail consult our rail map to find the right combination of train routes to build your itinerary depending on your journey italy offers high speed frecce lines trains that connect small towns and larger cities and slower regional trains that traverse this map is just an overview of italy s rail offerings new lines are being built all the time florence map interactive map of florence italy did you like this place leave a comment below to inspire future travelers let us know what you enjoyed most or give us valuable advice to improve visits firenze santa maria novella railway station wikipedia firenze santa maria novella in english florence santa maria novella or stazione di santa maria novella is a terminus railway station in florence italy the station is used by 59 million people every year and is one of the busiest in italy