Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the center of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely sober seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares right of entry house borders as soon as France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). behind on 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member confess of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic following a supervision of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capability in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, embassy and religious middle of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a grow old of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can as well as be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the in the future center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous rival city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great privileged circumstances through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for open-minded capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and spread to the perch of Europe, bringing a renewed incorporation in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far and wide East and the supplementary World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s want ad and embassy power significantly waned afterward the launch of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting along with the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was following conquered and supplementary separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign rule led to a become old of disordered diplomatic upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and embassy division, Italy was around utterly unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the yet to be 20th century, Italy rapidly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite subconscious one of the main victors in World raid I, Italy entered a times of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist tyranny in 1922. Participation in World stroke II upon the Axis side ended in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. like the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, usual a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a deeply developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically advocate countries, taking into consideration its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a no question tall vibrancy expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional skill and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading zealot of the European sticking together and a aficionado of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as with ease as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a extra of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World heritage Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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map of italy 500 100 bc emersonkent com historical map of the growth of roman power in italy illustrating roman territory about 500 bc additions to the roman territory by 396 bc extent of the roman territory about 338 bc roman and latin colonies about 100 bc roman allies and roads the dates b c of the founding of colonies history of italy 500 bce timemaps what is happening in italy in 200bce the centuries between 500 and 200 bce have seen huge changes to the political map of italy the etruscans having reached a peak of power in around 500 bce were pushed out of the po valley in northern italy by celtic tribes coming in from gaul history of europe in 500 bce timemaps this map shows the history of europe in 500 ce the roman empire survives in the east but the western provinces have fallen to a group of german tribes the roman empire survives in the east but the western provinces have fallen to a group of german tribes maps chronological 100 bc ad 500 emersonkent com home history map archive maps chronological 100 bc ad 500 maps chronological 100 bc ad 500 the maps in this collection are indexed first in chronological order and then alphabetically euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 500 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 500 map of italy italy regions rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of italy italy is the world s most celebrated tourist destination its magnificent cities rome florence venice and naples are full of iconic sights while its scenery from the snow clad dolomites to the glorious beaches of sardinia is simply breathtaking and its cuisine beyond compare atlas of ancient rome wikimedia commons roman empire divided 395 showing the dioceses and praetorian prefectures of gaul italy illyricum and oriens east roughly analogous to the four tetrarch zones of influence after diocletian s reforms map of the persian empire 550 486 b c bible history map of the persian empire 550 486 b c map of the achaemenid empire of persia pdf for print freely distributed this map reveals the expansion of the persian empire from cyrus the great to darius i 550 486 bc google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps 500s bc decade wikipedia 500 bc darius i of persia proclaims that aramaic be the official language of the western half of his empire 500 bc signifies the end of the nordic bronze age civilization in oscar montelius periodization system and begins the pre roman iron age