Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory in addition to includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the only European country to have a innate border behind an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are furthermore part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little land boundary considering Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas tally Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula on the subject of 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into consideration ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman deem something like 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician make known Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to come eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion single-handedly a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering epoch across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the foundation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to slant the invasion. once the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront highly developed period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were along with many advancements in the arts, gone world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was furthermore published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into account King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, bearing in mind the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a fanatic of the united Nations (UN), the European sticking to (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the presidency of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic treaty direction (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), dispensation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade dispensation (WTO) and many extra international organisations. though not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto fanatic of the group.
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historical maps of spain and portugal edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the iberian history from its beginning to our days including the national history of spain portugal and the history of the stateless nations of catalonia and euskadi basque country spain in the middle ages wikipedia after the passage of the vandals and alans down the mediterranean coast of hispania from 408 the history of medieval spain begins with the iberian kingdom of the arianist visigoths 507 711 who were converted to catholicism with their king reccared in 587 medieval spain a history of europe key battles map of granada in medieval spain example of architecture of the marinid dynasty the al attarine madrasa in fez morocco 1340 rio salado medieval spain podcasts battle of rio salado 1340 part 1 august 19 2016 carlrylett leave a comment out now the battle of rio salado 1340 part 1 after the battle of las navas de tolosa 1212 the christians of iberia especially the castilians category maps of medieval iberia wikimedia commons media in category maps of medieval iberia the following 145 files are in this category out of 145 total medieval spain medieval spain and feudalism there was quite a debate whether feudalism existed in spain or not historians believed that feudalism can be traced back to the height of the dark ages especially when dealing with the history of spain islamic spain and the reconquista explorethemed the height of umayyad power in spain is considered to be during the 10th century ad specifically during the reign of abd al rahman iii see map 2 940 ad abd al rahman iii was known to have fair hair and blue eyes due to the long practice of the umayyad caliphs taking basque and frankish wives 14 of the best secret medieval villages in northern spain if you haven t been to northern spain you don t know what you re missing while i loved the endless beaches and coastlines the medieval villages and historic centres in towns and cities were also a highlight of my visit maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d perry perry castaneda library map collection maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d 10 most beautiful castles in spain with photos map located in murcia province lorca castle was designed to be a defensive fortress this concept worked well as it was never forcibly taken by invaders since its construction in medieval times timeline of medieval spanish history visit medieval 778 a d charlemagne king of the francs carlomagno in spanish begins to invade spain but is beaten by basque tribes in the battle of roncesveaux pass roncesvalles navarra and returns briefly to france