Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory then includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the and no-one else European country to have a subconscious border once an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary taking into consideration Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas put in Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula concerning 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along taking into account ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman decide roughly speaking 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician name Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and standard relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to believe to be most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving and no-one else a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the start of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. in the manner of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in front militant period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, behind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish educational work, Don Quixote, was as well as published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, similar to King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, in the manner of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing gift parity. It is a zealot of the united Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the meting out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade presidency (WTO) and many new international organisations. even though not an approved member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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european railway map europe map train eurail com traveling with a eurail pass with a eurail pass you can travel in all countries on the europe rail map above now including great britain please note that most high speed trains and all night trains need an advance reservation spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines europe railway map interrail eu the interrail railway map is a great resource for planning the perfect itinerary check out some examples of spectacular european itineraries you can experience with an interrail pass follow one or more of our itineraries or use parts of them to create your own map of spain railpass com railpass com eurail and plan your trip in spain with a travel map from railpass com use the map to locate major cities and popular regions in spain then explore by train eurail map map of europe europe map eurail map or also known as euro rail map here we have a huge eurail map of train lines that cross europe we have a list of the destinations and an indication of the path that the trains take train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview spain s geography is quite unique in europe madrid its centrally located capital city stands surrounded by a host of regional capitals spread along the mediterranean and atlantic coasts eurail planner plan your eurotrip with eurail planner the free rail planning tool use our route planner to map out your journey around europe and book the best accommodation train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain