Europe is a continent located categorically in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost share of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be divided from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies visceral geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several mature previously its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which adjust on a spectrum rather than bearing in mind a brilliant dividing line. The geographic be next to in the company of Europe and Asia does not follow any state boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and associated Kingdom are next transcontinental in that the main allowance is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in extra continents.
Europe covers roughly 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of house area). Politically, Europe is estranged into very nearly fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of virtually 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by hot Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. supplementary from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than near to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The drop of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration era marked the end of ancient chronicles and the initiation of the middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the highly developed era. back the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. amid the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various become old the Americas, more or less every of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French lawlessness and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in great Britain at the stop of the 18th century, gave rise to highly developed economic, cultural and social fine-tune in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allocation in Europe, contributing to a end in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet hold and the joined States took prominence. During the chilly War, Europe was estranged along the Iron Curtain in the midst of NATO in the West and the Warsaw concurrence in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, behind a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, afterward the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes every European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European sticking to (EU), a cut off embassy entity that lies between a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward before the drop of the Soviet sticking to in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used among Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen area abolishes link up and immigration controls along with most of its member states.
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atlas of the middle ages wikimedia commons this page is meant to deliver a chronological view upon a set of maps as used in a wikiproject on the encyclopedic environment outside of europe geography early middle ages historical period makes no sense map the middle ages britannica com map map the middle ages progress in cartography during the early middle ages was slight the medieval mapmaker seems to have been dominated by the church reflecting in his work the ecclesiastical dogmas and interpretations of scripture in fact during the 6th century constantine of antioch created a christian topography depicting middle ages maps by history link 101 middle ages maps welcome to history link 101 s middle ages map page here you will find excellent links maps of the middle ages historical maps from university of texas at austin medieval europe maps and pictures student handouts note product links are paid affiliate links all links are deemed relevant and are not placed merely for profit purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free map of europe in the middle ages 1000 4 europa work in progress jorg frank cologne germany 1995 source house of european history brussels what do you see when you compare the three maps of europe from the middle ages the map europe in the middle ages world history text map of cities in europe in the middle ages medievaleuropeonline maps 10 1 the holy roman empire and the italian peninsula in the central middle ages 10 2 the expansion of royal power in france c 1150 1300 maps for chapter 12 famine plague and recovery c 1300 1500 europe in the middle ages europe in the middle ages map of europe in the middle ages name date in this unit you will learn about europe in the middle ages geography maps middle ages for kids the continents of europe and asia form the eurasian landmass the continent of europe sticks out from the western end of this landmass middle ages wikipedia the late middle ages in europe as a whole correspond to the trecento and early renaissance cultural periods in italy northern europe and spain continued to use gothic styles which became increasingly elaborate in the 15th century until almost the end of the period