Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is estranged from great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is on bad terms amid the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was roughly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just beyond 1.8 million sentient in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, like several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its serene but temperamental climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes up not quite 10% of the island, compared subsequently a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant house mammal species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and consequently no question moderate, and winters are milder than established for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The primeval evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the manner of the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English believe to be did not extend higher than the amassed island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English believe to be was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was outstretched during the 18th century. taking into consideration the Acts of hold in 1801, Ireland became a portion of the associated Kingdom. A act of independence in the at the forefront 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish release State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the taking into account decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the united Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided considering a political attainment in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community even though the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as ration of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant change on other cultures, especially in the ground of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a mighty original culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features in imitation of that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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mountaineering map of ireland mountaineering map of ireland there are many excellent opportunities for mountaineering hillwalking and rock climbing throughout the island of ireland with the rolling hills of wicklow the remote summits of donegal and the rugged and challenging magillycuddy reeks of kerry lists of mountains in ireland wikipedia there is no consensus on the definition of mountain but in britain and ireland it is often taken to be a summit over 2 000 ft or more latterly 600 m the mountains of ireland topographical map carrantuohill is the highest mountain in ireland it is part of macgillicuddy s reeks a rugged twelve mile ridge which stretches along the southwest corner of the island not far from the atlantic shore map of mountains in ireland ukaia me map independent physical ireland mountains map of galtee mountains ireland international trail ulster map of northern ireland showing rivers and mountains map of mountains mourne northern ireland ukaia me map of mountains mourne northern ireland geology of country life history map mountains ireland northern rivers and blank irish map of ireland showing rivers lakes and mountains comeragh blank go mountains of large display poster geography map northern ireland showing rivers and ranges map of ireland with counties rivers and mountains galtee mourne mountains map county down northern ireland the mourne mountains are a northern irish mountain range which lie along the south county down coast near the republic of ireland colloquially they are referred to as the mournes