Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is on bad terms from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.
Politically, Ireland is divided in the midst of the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the united Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was very nearly 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after good Britain. Just below 4.8 million enliven in the Republic of Ireland and just more than 1.8 million alive in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, past several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is release of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the end of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes going on virtually 10% of the island, compared taking into consideration a European average of beyond 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant land instinctive species original to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and so entirely moderate, and winters are milder than traditional for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud lid are abundant.
The obsolete evidence of human presence in Ireland is antiquated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in the same way as the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English deem did not extend higher than the combine island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English decide was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was elongated during the 18th century. afterward the Acts of union in 1801, Ireland became a allowance of the united Kingdom. A charge of independence in the to come 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish free State, which became increasingly sovereign higher than the later decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland maxim much civil unrest from the tardy 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided next a embassy succession in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland associated the European Economic Community while the united Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as share of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant impinge on on additional cultures, especially in the pitch of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a mighty indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features behind that of good Britain, including the English language, and sports such as link football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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northern ireland map population of northern ireland the province of ulster in 1922 the province of ulster was divided so that six counties now make up the separate state of northern ireland and are part of the uk while three counties remain within the republic of ireland map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king these provinces were dynamic and their borders changed all the time detailed map of northern ireland world maps description this map shows cities towns tourist information centers distance between towns main roads secondary roads in northern ireland maps of ireland uni due de full size map of ireland showing counties and main towns and cities map of ireland with abbreviations for counties map of ireland with arms of four provinces counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king northern ireland map geography of northern ireland map northern ireland description northern ireland is today a constitutionally distinct region of the united kingdom its story is sad yet promising confusing and understandable joyce s ireland irish county map joyce s ireland county map of ireland showing main cities map of eire counties towns in southern ireland cities in eire irish map county down map northern ireland mapcarta county down is a county in northern ireland english is the primary language although you may find it a challenge understanding as locals talk very fast and have a distinct accent from the rest of ireland counties of northern ireland wikipedia northern ireland is divided into six former local government divisions called counties namely antrim armagh down fermanagh londonderry and tyrone counties of ireland wikipedia in northern ireland a major reorganisation of local government in 1973 replaced the six traditional counties and two county boroughs belfast and derry with 26 single tier districts for local government purposes