Europe is a continent located totally in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Asia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost allocation of Eurasia.
Europe is most commonly considered to be estranged from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term “continent” implies inborn geography, the land be next to is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several grow old in the past its first conception in classical antiquity. The separation of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural, linguistic and ethnic differences which amend upon a spectrum rather than as soon as a bright dividing line. The geographic connect along with Europe and Asia does not follow any welcome boundaries: Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Kazakhstan are transcontinental countries. France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain and united Kingdom are moreover transcontinental in that the main ration is in Europe even though pockets of their territory are located in further continents.
Europe covers virtually 10,180,000 square kilometres (3,930,000 sq mi), or 2% of the Earth’s surface (6.8% of land area). Politically, Europe is separated into more or less fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a sum population of roughly 741 million (about 11% of the world population) as of 2016. The European climate is largely affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent, even at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. extra from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast.
Europe, in particular ancient Greece and ancient Rome, was the birthplace of Western civilization. The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration mature marked the end of ancient chronicles and the beginning of the center Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration, art and science led to the militant era. previously the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various era the Americas, re all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French mayhem and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally, politically and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in good Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic, cultural and social modify in Western Europe and eventually the wider world. Both world wars took area for the most allowance in Europe, contributing to a stop in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet sticking together and the united States took prominence. During the cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain in the company of NATO in the West and the Warsaw treaty in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall.
In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, like a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, bearing in mind the idea of unifying Europe to reach common goals. It includes all European states except for Belarus, Kazakhstan and Vatican City. extra European integration by some states led to the formation of the European bond (EU), a remove embassy entity that lies amid a confederation and a federation. The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward previously the fall of the Soviet devotion in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most commonly used in the middle of Europeans; and the EU’s Schengen place abolishes border and immigration controls among most of its zealot states.
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first world war cemeteries map europe uk and republic of this map locates the 430 cemeteries in western europe the united kingdom and the republic of ireland which include graves or memorials for members of the new zealand expeditionary force who died during the first world war free world war 2 europe colouring map kids activity world war 2 europe colouring map for kids to colour if a country was on the side of the allies axis axis controlled or neutral neolithic europe wikipedia there are also many differences with some neolithic communities in southeastern europe living in heavily fortified settlements of 3 000 4 000 people e g sesklo in greece whereas neolithic groups in britain were small possibly 50 100 people and highly mobile cattle herders europe in 1914 first world war alliances explained entente cordiale 1904 the next major agreement in europe came about with the entente cordiale in april 1904 having been involved in three rounds of british german talks between 1898 and 1901 britain decided not to join the triple alliance jewish ghettos in europe wikipedia jewish ghettos in europe were neighborhoods of european cities in which jews were permitted to live in addition to being confined to the ghettos jews were placed under strict regulations as well as restrictions in many european cities the character of ghettos fluctuated over the centuries