Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory after that includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the unaccompanied European country to have a instinctive link up later an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are in addition to allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary taking into account Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas improve Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula around 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along with ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman pronounce roughly 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician herald Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and expected relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle every enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the at the forefront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to consider most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect isolated a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the inauguration of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to face the invasion. in imitation of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were with many advancements in the arts, in the same way as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, as soon as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, once the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a supporter of the allied Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the executive of Ibero-American States (OEI), the hold for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and onslaught (OECD), paperwork for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade meting out (WTO) and many supplementary international organisations. though not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionada of the group.
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regions of spain map and guide tripsavvy com spain is made up of 17 autonomous regions as shown in the map above they are further divided into 50 provinces map of spain spain regions rough guides from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat it s also one of the world s leading culinary destinations boasts stunning coastlines and is home to some of the most vibrant cities in europe spain regions map worldatlas com note spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions or communities and the two autonomous cities of ceuta and melilla spanish enclaves in north africa ceuta and melilla plus the three small islands of islas chafarinas penon de alhucemas and penon de velez de la gomera along the coast of large map of spain s cities and regions tripsavvy spain s unique geography makes it one of europe s must see destinations get situated with this giant map of the country s cities and regions spain map of vineyards wine regions wine map of spain the spanish wine regions and vineyards the vineyards of spain spread accross 967 000 hectares with an appellation system described below the regions of spain all about spain the regions of spain please choose your destination from the map or the list here you find information on all the regions of spain with a particular focus on the locations of high touristic interest the regions and provinces of spain spanish web the regions of spain spain is divided into autonomous regions each with there own government and often with an entirely different character sometimes also different languages map of spain wine regions wine folly spain is a very diverse country so it helps to get a lay of the land this map of the wine regions of spain helps to put into context the various kinds of wines that grow throughout the country autonomous communities of spain wikipedia in spain an autonomous community spanish comunidad autonoma is a first level political and administrative division created in accordance with the spanish constitution of 1978 with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up spain nationalities and regions of spain wikipedia in 1931 the second spanish republic was established and a new liberal constitution allowed the regions of spain to attain self government and created the autonomous region as a first order administrative division