Ireland (/arlnd/ (About this soundlisten); Irish: ire [e] (About this soundlisten); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [rln]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from good Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George’s Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest upon Earth.
Politically, Ireland is separated amid the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is allowance of the associated Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was practically 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after great Britain. Just below 4.8 million living in the Republic of Ireland and just beyond 1.8 million enliven in Northern Ireland.
The geography of Ireland comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, when several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its smooth but changeable climate which is clear of extremes in temperature. Much of Ireland was woodland until the stop of the middle Ages. Today, woodland makes in the works very nearly 10% of the island, compared as soon as a European average of higher than 33%, and most of it is non-native conifer plantations. There are twenty-six extant estate brute species indigenous to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and fittingly no question moderate, and winters are milder than established for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.
The antique evidence of human presence in Ireland is antiquated at 10,500 BCE (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. in imitation of the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English deem did not extend over the mass island until the 16th17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English declare was meant to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. taking into consideration the Acts of bond in 1801, Ireland became a allocation of the joined Kingdom. A court case of independence in the prematurely 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish clear State, which became increasingly sovereign more than the when decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a portion of the associated Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided subsequent to a diplomatic taking over in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the joined Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.
Irish culture has had a significant touch upon other cultures, especially in the field of literature. nearby mainstream Western culture, a strong native culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island’s culture shares many features behind that of great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as relationship football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.
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large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns description this map shows cities towns highways main roads secondary roads tracks railroads and airports in ireland ireland maps maps of republic of ireland large detailed map of ireland with cities and towns 3049×3231 4 24 mb go to map ireland road map counties and provinces of ireland wesley johnston in the republic of ireland however these historic divisions are still used as the basis of local government the map below shows the 32 counties in the island of ireland 26 in the republic of ireland and 6 in northern ireland as well as some of the major towns in italics map of counties uniquely northern ireland com map of counties of ireland the four provinces in ancient times ireland was divided into provinces each ruled by a king these provinces were dynamic and their borders changed all the time joyce s ireland irish county map joyce s ireland county map of ireland showing main cities map of eire counties towns in southern ireland cities in eire irish map ireland map map of ireland worldatlas com printable map of ireland and info and links to ireland facts famous natives landforms latitude longitude maps symbols timeline and weather by worldatlas com page 2 ireland map geography of ireland map of the republic of ireland gained its independence from britain in 1948 northern ireland though independent in many ways remains today under british governmental control ireland joined the united nations in 1957 the european economic community eu in 1973 and began the process of modernizing its rural based economy map showing ireland ireland com hide search please enter details of your search please amend your search to refresh results counties of ireland wikipedia in the republic of ireland the traditional counties are in general the basis for local government planning and community development purposes are governed by county councils and are still generally respected for other purposes political map of ireland nations online project map of ireland political map of ireland the map shows ireland with the republic of ireland and northern ireland within the british isles depicted on the map are the irish border the national capital dublin of the republic of ireland county capitals major cities main roads railroads and major airports