Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the and no-one else European country to have a creature connect similar to an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are along with ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary afterward Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula re 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along like ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman pronounce just about 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician proclaim Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge all permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the early eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to judge most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect forlorn a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the start of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to direction the invasion. in the manner of the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the before unbiased period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as well as many advancements in the arts, subsequent to world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, subsequent to King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, when the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing knack parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European bond (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the giving out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic harmony direction (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press forward (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many other international organisations. even if not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionado of the group.
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10 top destinations in southern spain with photos map andalusia is an autonomous community that covers most of southern spain it has a diverse landscape with a long mediterranean coastline and its own mountain chain and is known to have the hottest average temperatures in europe costa del sol map spain map of costa del sol costa del sol map the coastal area of southern spain known as the costa del sol covers from the manilva municipality right through to nerja and it s characterised for being the chosen holiday destination by thousands of tourists all year round map of mid west south spain europeplaces eu zoom out the map by clicking on it in the south of spain and on the coast both the atlantic just across from africa visitors go here to experience some of the best beaches culture and places to visit in the country map of southern spain imsa kolese southern spain map spain cities map southern spain ring around map of southern spain map of southern spain coast southern spain dufour map of southern spain map of andalucia southern spain tourist and road map andalucia map if you are planning a visit to andalucia the following map of southern spain might be useful the map will show you the main tourist areas in andalucia like costa del sol axarquia bahia de cadiz poniente de almeria or campo de gibraltar among many others map of spain southern spain travel here s a map of spain s regions spains regions are very similar to the concept of states in the usa but with more autonomy on this site we mainly focus on the region of andalucia the southern part of spain spain east coast beaches google my maps this map is a tour down spain s east coast which will show you some of the beautiful beaches it has to offer the spanish costas map of the spanish costas from rhino heading around onto spain s south coast you will first see the costa almeria which has some of andalusia s most unspoilt coastline including nature parks and deserts this is a good place to go if you want to avoid the crowds read more on the map of the mediterranean coast of spain travel information on the map you can see not only the coast of the mediterranean but also the balearic islands and the stretch of the coast of the atlantic ocean the map is made for foreign tourists planning a trip to spain