Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory along with includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the unaccompanied European country to have a beast be next to in the same way as an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are then allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas count up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula all but 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along once ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman consider all but 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician make known Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving behind unaccompanied a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering period across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the introduction of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to incline the invasion. following the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the further on advanced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as well as many advancements in the arts, past world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish theoretical work, Don Quixote, was plus published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into consideration King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, afterward the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a believer of the joined Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the doling out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal government (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), presidency for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade running (WTO) and many other international organisations. while not an ascribed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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autonomous communities of spain wikipedia in spain an autonomous community spanish comunidad autonoma is a first level political and administrative division created in accordance with the spanish constitution of 1978 with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up spain autonomous communities of spain regions of spain map autonomous communities are the upper level political division of the kingdom of spain established in accordance with the constitution of spain the second article of the constitution recognizes the right to the autonomy of regions and nations and proclaims the inseparable unity of the spanish nation spain autonomous communities map quiz game many people do not realize that spanish is not the native language of everyone in spain that is because the country has many autonomous regions with their own languages such as galician basque and catalan map of spain autonomous communities mapline you can easily create a map of spain autonomous communities using mapline the kingdom of spain is located in southwestern europe autonomous community is the 1st level administrative division in spain autonomous communities map of spain guideoftheworld net autonomous communities map of spain page view spain political physical country maps satellite images photos and where is spain location in world map administrative map of spain nations online project map is showing the kingdom of spain on the iberian peninsula with its first level political and administrative divisions of 17 autonomous communities two autonomous cities as well as the locations boundaries and capitals of the fifty provinces of spain