Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a instinctive border subsequent to an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are in addition to share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary past Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; further major urban areas complement Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula not far off from 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequent to ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman consider on the order of 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician declare Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and acknowledged relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge all permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the prematurely eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to find most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection forlorn a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to outlook the invasion. considering the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in advance enlightened period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were afterward many advancements in the arts, in imitation of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the manner of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, taking into account the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing knack parity. It is a advocate of the associated Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic pact management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), processing for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade direction (WTO) and many further international organisations. while not an credited member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto supporter of the group.
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maps of spain spanish cities spanish provinces spanish the country maps and regional maps below will give you a good idea of the location of different cities in spain so that you can better plan your trip studies holidays and homestays map of spain in spanish and travel information download map of map of spain in spanish and travel information spanish maps of spain and travel information download map of spanish maps of spain and travel information map of spain in spanish imsa kolese regional map of spain political map of spain in spanish regions spring roller maps if spain map image by k85 spain political to learn spanish in spain rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines map of spain spain regions rough guides plan your trip around spain with interactive travel maps from rough guides use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain use rough guides maps to explore all the regions of spain from picture perfect villages nestled in the folds of mountains to extravagant architecture spain is a visual treat giant map of spain tripsavvy vacation like a pro spain s unique geography makes it one of europe s must see destinations get situated with this giant map of the country s cities and regions map of spain lonelyplanet com map of spain and travel information about spain brought to you by lonely planet spain map geography of spain map of spain worldatlas com untold riches flowed into spain from their new colonies in the americas and spain became a powerful country in fact in the 16th and 17th centuries under the habsburgs with its colonies spread across the americas and its navy dominating the oceans the spanish empire literally became the first global superpower provinces of spain wikipedia spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces spanish provincias ipa pɾoˈbin8jas sing provincia spain s provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833