Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory after that includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the single-handedly European country to have a inborn connect gone an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are moreover allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little home boundary subsequently Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas append Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in relation to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along later ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman rule regarding 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician read out Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and acknowledged relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly mingle all surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the before eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving unaccompanied a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering grow old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the inauguration of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to viewpoint the invasion. next the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the front open-minded period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were then many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish intellectual work, Don Quixote, was with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, bearing in mind King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, later the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing skill parity. It is a member of the allied Nations (UN), the European bond (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the direction of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal doling out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade management (WTO) and many additional international organisations. even if not an official member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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map of the mediterranean coast of spain travel information the map shows the location of some places that may be interesting to tourists resort towns airports stations beaches attractions on the map you can see not only the coast of the mediterranean but also the balearic islands the mediterranean coast of spain travel information spain has one of the longest coastlines in the mediterranean mediterranean coast of spain has a length over 1 600 kilometers the southern coast of spain is located on the territory of the autonomous regions andalusia murcia valencia and catalonia listed from west to east mediterranean coast itinerary by train or car tripsavvy com this itinerary follows the mediterranean coast through spain france and italy and can be done by train or car costas in spain a spanish mediterranean guide costas in spain a guide from the costa brava at the north end of spain s mediterranean coast to the costa del sol in the south and costa de la luz in the west with shores onto the atlanic press the button on whichever costa on the map above to get yourself more detailed information on that part of the coast spain east coast beaches google my maps this map is a tour down spain s east coast which will show you some of the beautiful beaches it has to offer map of spain railpass com map of spain welcome to the land of flamenco and tapas siestas and bullfights holy pilgrimage shrines and medieval arabian pleasure palaces spain s capital madrid packed with amazing museums sits pretty much in the center of this large mediterranean country across the pyrenees from france with high speed rail connections to the nation s far flung cities road tripping spain s mediterranean coast lonely planet the mediterranean sea spreads its calm waters over 1660km of spanish coast from tarifa the southernmost european point in the province of cadiz to the rocky cliffs of cabo de creus on the border between france and spain in northern catalunya spain seaside destinations top 10 by the mediterranean a motorhome or campervan roadtrip is the fastest and most exciting way to tour the spanish mediterranean coast with the peace of mind of guaranteed accommodation wherever you go get more road trip ideas for your campervan hire spain with yescapa formerly known as irentmymotorhome you can pick up a motorhome or campervan directly in spain to start your adventure the coasts of spain about spain net the mediterranean coast of spain spain s mediterranean coast offers a range of opportunites for holidaymakers and travellers depending on the type of holiday wanted the costas of spain spanish web the coastline of spain is referred to as various costas or coasts some names are very familiar such as the costa del sol some less so we have detailed information on the following which can also be selected from the map shown right