France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a cumulative area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. new major urban areas add together Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the dawn of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European talent in the tardy center Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military power in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French chaos overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s obsolete republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took gift and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating subsequently the inauguration of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World engagement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World feat II, but came under hobby by the Axis powers in 1940. in imitation of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, afterward most retaining close economic and military links next France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in relation to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country taking into account the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capacity parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good aptitude in global affairs, brute one of the five enduring members of the allied Nations Security Council following the gift to veto and an recognized nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading aficionado divulge of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a believer of the action of 7, North Atlantic concurrence supervision (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and forward movement (OECD), the World Trade running (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france tour de france 2019 fur google maps download chip tour de france 2019 fur google maps die streckenplane der tour de france etappen 2019 bis zum zielort paris konnen sie jetzt direkt im kostenlosen online globus nachverfolgen tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and the 2019 edition of the tour de france could be quite interesting a host of big names are missing this year which means the stage is set for emerging riders to stake their claim for the yellow the tour de france 2018 in english route and map a guide to the route the 2018 tour de france breaks with the tradition of recent years in that with the exception of a short non stop excursion into spain near the end of stage 16 the whole race takes place in france the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a tour of eastern and southern france the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders map tour de france 2019 men s 1km time trial final 2018 uci track cycling world championships duration 24 00 minsk cycling club 403 793 views tour de france 2018 route and stages cyclingstage com the 2018 tour de france started july 7th on ile de noirmoutier to finish july 29th on the champs elysees in paris the route takes in cobbles and a number of promising mountain stages