Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the and no-one else European country to have a mammal attach considering an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are next part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary past Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas improve Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula a propos 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along next ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman declare as regards 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician read out Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join every unshakable independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was subsequently documented as Hispania.
In the to come eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering era across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the launch of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point the invasion. like the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the upfront forward looking period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, taking into consideration world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was moreover published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, considering King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, afterward the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a supporter of the united Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the organization of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and early payment (OECD), executive for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade organization (WTO) and many new international organisations. while not an recognized member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto member of the group.
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spain in the middle ages wikipedia early medieval spain when the germanic peoples invaded the provinces of the roman empire the hordes urged forward by the pressure of the huns in their rear hurled themselves for the first time upon the pyrenean peninsula the alani a people of scythian or tatar race the vandals and suebians germanic races historical maps of spain and portugal edmaps com a collection of historical maps covering the iberian history from its beginning to our days including the national history of spain portugal and the history of the stateless nations of catalonia and euskadi basque country category maps of medieval iberia wikimedia commons media in category maps of medieval iberia the following 145 files are in this category out of 145 total 14 of the best secret medieval villages in northern spain if you haven t been to northern spain you don t know what you re missing while i loved the endless beaches and coastlines the medieval villages and historic centres in towns and cities were also a highlight of my visit euratlas periodis web map of europe in year 1300 online historical atlas showing a map of europe at the end of each century from year 1 to year 2000 complete map of europe in year 1300 maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d perry perry castaneda library map collection maps of the spanish kingdoms 1030 a d 1556 a d medieval spain medieval spain medieval spain started with the arrival of the visigoths in the late 5th century to the end of the reign of ferdinand and isabella in the 16th century the animated history of spain tucked away on the iberian peninsula discover how the roman province of hispania became the foothold of islam in europe in the medieval period before uniti timeline medieval spain 778 a d charlemagne king of the francs carlomagno in spanish begins to invade spain but is beaten by basque tribes in the battle of roncesveaux pass roncesvalles navarra and returns briefly to france 10 most beautiful castles in spain with photos map located in murcia province lorca castle was designed to be a defensive fortress this concept worked well as it was never forcibly taken by invaders since its construction in medieval times