Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory afterward includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the forlorn European country to have a living thing affix later than an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are afterward portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary considering Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas put in Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula as regards 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along past ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman decide in this area 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician pronounce Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and usual relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine every long-lasting independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the forward eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection forlorn a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the commencement of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to perspective the invasion. when the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the early advocate period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were plus many advancements in the arts, considering world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish learned work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, gone King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high income country, in the manner of the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a devotee of the united Nations (UN), the European sticking to (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the paperwork of Ibero-American States (OEI), the hold for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement executive (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), paperwork for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade government (WTO) and many new international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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madrid metro map updated 2019 here s the madrid metro map and other information that may be useful for travelling through the underground tube network of madrid there are four versions of the map geographic schematic as well as versions indicating stations adapted for the disabled or for people with prams or luggage metro de madrid maps metro de madrid metro de madrid maps skip to main content main navigation who we are we are centenary madrid metro map spain metro of madrid europe spain madrid metro opened its first line on october 17 1919 in the days of the king alfonso xiii as a metropolitan railway madrid metro tourist map pdf esmadrid com madrid metro has prepared a map featuring the stations you need for the city s top sites pdf 1 8mb madrid metro map madrid tourist guide madrid metro map online map showing the lines and metro stops for the madrid metro subway underground tube system in spain includes link to free printer friendly version of the map for your trip map of madrid subway underground tube metro stations you can find on this page the map of madrid metro madrid metro subway tube or underground is a transit system serving the city of madrid spain with the urban suburban commuter train the tram or the bus madrid maps interactive tourist map metro map trains maps of madrid spain including interactive city map metro map local trains autonomous community and country maps madrid tourist map madrid tourist attractions tourist map of madrid this intereractive map uses the flash player technology to show a detailed city center of spain s capital it will find all the information needed to move by the center of the city with data from the top tourist attractions and all phone numbers and addresses transportation map tourist map of madrid spain on madrid map 360 you can download in pdf or print useful and practical maps of madrid in spain to help you move into the city you may use the transport maps of vienna operated by metro de madrid renfe metros ligeros de madrid and emt metro de madrid mueveteenmetro 8 stations and 4 kilometer this was the first metro madrid line which opened in 1919 almost 100 years later metro has reached 12 municipalities almost 100 years later metro has reached 12 municipalities