Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares admission land borders in imitation of France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). with not far off from 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous advocate give leave to enter of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been house to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a processing of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant capacity in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a epoch of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can furthermore be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the yet to be center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous challenger city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for innovative capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and innovation to the perch of Europe, bringing a renewed interest in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing well-known scholars, artists and polymaths. During the middle Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the far and wide East and the other World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s classified ad and political faculty significantly waned with the instigation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting amongst the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was taking into consideration conquered and extra separated by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign run led to a grow old of revolutionary diplomatic upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was concerning agreed unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a good power. From the tardy 19th century to the early 20th century, Italy quickly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, even though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite creature one of the main victors in World conflict I, Italy entered a time of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist despotism in 1922. Participation in World proceedings II upon the Axis side finished in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. past the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, received a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a terribly developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically forward looking countries, behind its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a categorically tall simulation expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and embassy affairs; it is both a regional capacity and a good power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading devotee of the European union and a aficionada of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the linkage for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen area and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as without difficulty as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addendum of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World pedigree Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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the geography of italy map and geographical facts explore the geography of italy with this map and information about the mountains rivers volcanoes seas regions and the climate of italy detailed map of italy roads mountains seas and even a change the map view the satellite view is like a physical map if you wish you can change view there are two more types click on map to view a political map of italy to view the names of places roads and regional borders with dashed lines or click hybrid to get the satellite view together with place names list of mountains of italy wikipedia this page contains a sortable table listing mountains of italy all mountain heights and prominences on the list are from the largest scale maps available in the list only the exact location of the culminating point of the mountain is considered map of southern italy region in italy welt atlas de map of southern italy region in italy with cities locations streets rivers lakes mountains and landmarks geographic map italy zainoo geographic map italy country of oppositions a look at the map of italy immediately shows that the country is characterised by two big mountain ranges the alps in the north and the apennine mountains along most parts of the peninsula dolomite mountains map dolomite mountains map dolomite mountains is the only locally run company based in the dolomites specializing in and providing unique experiences in adventure travel within one of the most beautiful natural settings on earth italy map geography of italy map of italy worldatlas com italy has so much to see and do from skiing in the alps the lake district of the north the historic and stylish cities of florence milan naples siena turin and venice coastal cities and quaint little villages and of course rome and the holy see vatican category mountains of italy wikimedia commons media in category mountains of italy the following 200 files are in this category out of 242 total previous page italy maps wandering italy maps of italy travel planning the visual way rail city and region maps i m a great fan of maps maps are a way to see how geography is structured how cities are put together and how people move between them apennine mountains wikipedia the mountains lend their name to the apennine peninsula which forms the major part of italy they are mostly verdant although one side of the highest peak corno grande is partially covered by calderone glacier the only glacier in the apennines