Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the deserted European country to have a living thing border past an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence allowance of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary taking into account Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; extra major urban areas augment Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula not far off from 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along gone ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came under Roman rule in this area 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician read out Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and customary relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly fuse all surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the yet to be eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection isolated a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the start of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to position the invasion. with the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time advanced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as well as many advancements in the arts, in the manner of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish teacher work, Don Quixote, was in addition to published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World descent Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, taking into account King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, as soon as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a devotee of the allied Nations (UN), the European bond (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the direction of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking to for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic unity management (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade meting out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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camino de santiago maps stages maps and stages for the pilgrimage along el camino de santiago the way of st james maps for planning your hiking in spain following el camino de santiago camino de santiago routes stages map of camino lll camino de santiago map main camino routes stages distance follow the camino frances pilgrimage portuguese way camino del norte and finisterre el camino de santiago de compostela pilgrimage in spain welcome to the camino de santiago our aim is to help you with all the information you need for any of the camino routes the most popular camino pilgrimage route in spain is the camino frances this route starts in st jean pied de port france it is the busiest and best supported route camino de santiago routes follow the camino camino routes while traditionally the pilgrimage starts from your home in modern times it s these nine routes that end at the catedral de santiago de compostela that have become the most popular camino ways the camino frances routes stages maps official but the camino de santiago was not just a pilgrimage route the development of the camino frances also had an important social cultural and economic impact between the connecting regions thanks to the movement of people between the iberian peninsula and europe different literary and artistic influences came to spain as well as different ways of thinking and behaving camino frances map camino frances stages camino de the route the camino frances or the french way begins on the french side of the pyrenees in saint jean pied de port from there it runs across the pyrenees and continues through the north of spain all the way to santiago de compostela creating a walk that is overall almost 800km in length el camino santiago the pilgrimage road to santiago the el camino santiago the pilgrimage road to santiago the way of saint james walking to santiago de compostela pilgrimage in northern spain santiago pilgrimage weather santiago pilgrimage maps santiago pilgrimage videos santiago pilgrimage music santiago pilgrimage books spain guidebooks camino de santiago the pilgrimage routes to santiago de camino de santiago the camino de santiago the way of st james is a large network of ancient pilgrim routes stretching across europe and coming together at the tomb of st james santiago in spanish in santiago de compostela in north west spain camino de santiago wikipedia on his pbs travel europe television series rick steves covers northern spain and the camino de santiago in series 6 41 in 2013 simon reeve presented the pilgrimage series on bbc2 in which he followed various pilgrimage routes across europe including the camino de santiago in episode 2 camino de santiago how to walk spain s famous pilgrimage camino de santiago how to walk spain s famous pilgrimage trail without roughing it yes it is possible to take on a 500 mile pilgrimage and stay in boutique hotels without sacrificing the