France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories tally French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic taking into account its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and poster centre. further major urban areas enhance Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy middle Ages, later its victory in the Hundred Years’ battle (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French mayhem overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of innovative history’s out of date republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequent to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating in imitation of the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World lawsuit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World warfare II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was acknowledged and superior dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, subsequently most retaining near economic and military friends in the same way as France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving concerning 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country when the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing faculty parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, vibrancy expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great aptitude in global affairs, beast one of the five enduring members of the associated Nations Security Council in the manner of the facility to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate give leave to enter of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a believer of the work of 7, North Atlantic concurrence dispensation (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and spread (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of provence and the cote d azur region of france provence is the region of southern france that stretches from the mediterranean sea up to the french alps the city of arles is located in the provence region travel guide to france s beloved provence tripsavvy com provence is one of the most beloved historic territories in france use this map of provence cities to make the most of your visit france regions map by provence beyond map of metropolitan france showing the 13 new regions before the change of january 2016 there were 28 regions including 21 metropolitan and 7 overseas regions provence france google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more map of france france regions rough guides regions of france click the links below to find out about your chosen region map of provence lonelyplanet com map of provence and travel information about provence brought to you by lonely planet maps of provence france seeprovence com discover the top provence maps shortlisted for you by locals who know explore with us today the cities towns and areas of provence gites in france two of france s national parks are located in haute provence the luberon le luberon regional park a band of hills and mountains running east from the rhone valley to the alps between the river durance and the department of the drome from cavaillon to manosque map of france regions france map with regions the region constitutes the first level of division of france before the french revolution of 1789 france was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions villages in the luberon list and map provence luberon villages of luberon if you are fond of rural architecture you will be spoilt for choice in the luberon where almost countless villages and hamlets have been built centuries ago on the numerous hills which characterise the region