Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory after that includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the without help European country to have a living thing connect behind an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are after that portion of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little house boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas append Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula roughly speaking 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along next ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman believe to be almost 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician broadcast Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and acknowledged relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the to the front eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to deem most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection deserted a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the inauguration of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to point of view the invasion. next the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the to the front futuristic period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were afterward many advancements in the arts, behind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish school work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, considering King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing faculty parity. It is a aficionada of the associated Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement processing (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and momentum (OECD), management for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade dealing out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even if not an attributed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto devotee of the group.
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spain map large clear plus balearics canary islands spain maps x 3 large clear simple with tourist places including costas mainland map balearic islands map mallorca etc canaries map tenerife etc canary islands map spain mapcarta the canary islands are an atlantic territory of spain off the coast of morocco and western sahara the canary archipelago consists of 8 inhabited islands and a few smaller uninhabited ones canary islands map geography of canary islands map of a recession hit the canary islands during the 18th century due to stiff competition from spain s american colonies and the islanders sought a new cash crop known as cochineal in an attempt to save the faltering economy gran canaria maps canary islands spain map of gran about gran canaria autonomous community canary islands province las palmas area 600 sq mi 1 560 sq km population 840 000 largest cities las palmas tenerife maps canary islands spain map of tenerife about tenerife autonomous community canary islands province santa cruz de tenerife area 785 sq mi 2 034 sq km population 890 000 cities and resorts map of canary islands lonelyplanet com map of canary islands and travel information about canary islands brought to you by lonely planet map of canary islands hotels and attractions on a canary map of canary islands area hotels locate canary islands hotels on a map based on popularity price or availability and see tripadvisor reviews photos and deals where are the canary islands located all about spain the canary islands are located in the atlantic ocean south west of spain and north west of africa they are directly in front of the coast of morocco due to this geographical situation the canary islands have been always an important station for the navigation between europe asia and america