Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory next includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the unaided European country to have a being be next to with an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are as a consequence ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary considering Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an place of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; additional major urban areas enhance Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula with reference to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along subsequently ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman decide concerning 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician publicize Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every long-lasting independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the to the lead eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to rule most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection on your own a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the initiation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to tilt the invasion. in the same way as the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the prematurely militant period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish scholastic work, Don Quixote, was as a consequence published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World stock Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, afterward King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, next the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a supporter of the united Nations (UN), the European sticking together (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the management of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal organization (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and early payment (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade supervision (WTO) and many additional international organisations. even though not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto enthusiast of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines spain railway map world maps description this map shows railways in spain go back to see more maps of spain maps of spain spain maps cities autonomous communities spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview spain s geography is quite unique in europe madrid its centrally located capital city stands surrounded by a host of regional capitals spread along the mediterranean and atlantic coasts openrailwaymap openrailwaymap an openstreetmap based project for creating a map of the world s railway infrastructure train connections in spain map ave and times spain spain s railway network connects practically the whole country by train it is made up of long distance and mid distance trains and is a comfortable way to travel also keep in mind that in most cases the train stations are located very close to the city centre renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain europe railway map interrail eu the interrail railway map is a great resource for planning the perfect itinerary check out some examples of spectacular european itineraries you can experience with an interrail pass follow one or more of our itineraries or use parts of them to create your own european railway map europe map train travel times railway map with travel times train routes through 31 countries the map below shows the bigger cities in europe to which cities they are connected and how long it takes to travel between them the best map of spain spain traveller a map of spain is essential every time that i plan a trip one of the first things i do is to look for a map i like to locate sights monuments bars and restaurants and even my accommodation or potential one if i haven t made up my mind yet