Texas is the second largest give leave to enter in the associated States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders when the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, additional Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Len, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline following the chasm of Mexico to the southeast.
Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S., though San Antonio is the second-most populous in the let pass and seventh largest in the U.S. DallasFort Worth and Greater Houston are the fourth and fifth largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country, respectively. supplementary major cities enlarge Austin, the second-most populous come clean capital in the U.S., and El Paso. Texas is nicknamed “The Lone Star State” to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the state’s wrestle for independence from Mexico. The “Lone Star” can be found upon the Texas let in flag and upon the Texan permit seal. The descent of Texas’s name is from the word taysha, which means “friends” in the Caddo language.
Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U.S. Southern and Southwestern regions. Although Texas is popularly associated afterward the U.S. southwestern deserts, less than 10% of Texas’s estate area is desert. Most of the population centers are in areas of former prairies, grasslands, forests, and the coastline. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the huge Bend.
The term “six flags on top of Texas” refers to several nations that have ruled more than the territory. Spain was the first European country to affirmation the area of Texas. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 once Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic. In 1845, Texas associated the linkage as the 28th state. The state’s annexation set off a chain of events that led to the MexicanAmerican accomplishment in 1846. A slave acknowledge previously the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U.S. in in front 1861, and officially associated the Confederate States of America on March 2nd of the similar year. After the Civil engagement and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long grow old of economic stagnation.
Historically four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World accomplishment II: cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil. past and after the U.S. Civil accomplishment the cattle industry, which Texas came to dominate, was a major economic driver for the state, therefore creating the normal image of the Texas cowboy. In the innovative 19th century cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative. It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits (Spindletop in particular) that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force at the back the economy for much of the 20th century. past mighty investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy and tall tech industry in the mid-20th century. As of 2015, it is second on the list of the most Fortune 500 companies taking into consideration 54. with a growing base of industry, the divulge leads in many industries, including agriculture, petrochemicals, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace, and biomedical sciences. Texas has led the U.S. in come clean export revenue before 2002, and has the second-highest gross divulge product. If Texas were a sovereign state, it would be the 10th largest economy in the world.
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