France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories add up French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a summative place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic next its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and public notice centre. further major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the introduction of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The unity of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late center Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years’ exploit (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of futuristic history’s very old republics and drafting the avowal of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and usual the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. with the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous agreement of governments culminating subsequently the opening of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World stroke II, but came below bustle by the Axis powers in 1940. later than liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was standard and cutting edge dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the additional colonies became independent in the 1960s, once most retaining close economic and military friends taking into consideration France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving a propos 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country like the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, computer graphics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capability in global affairs, brute one of the five steadfast members of the associated Nations Security Council similar to the gift to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter give access of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the action of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and go ahead (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of tgv train routes and destinations in france the tgv trains a grande vitesse is the express trains of france and connect the major cities of france as well as continuing through to other neighboring european countries that border france of luxembourg belgium spain italy germany and switzerland france tgv map paris by train this tgv map shows high speed train lines in france and across europe this includes the main tgv lines eurostar thalys tgv east networks in france plus train lines in other countries within europe click map to see full version tgv high speed train fast speed trains france eurail com the domestic tgv routes can get you to every corner of france in the north there are international connections to brussels in belgium and luxembourg in the east the tgv can take you to the german cities frankfurt and munich if you travel south you can take a direct train to milan in italy or barcelona in spain interactive map of french railway network sncf reseau home our railway maps interactive map of french railway network interactive map of french railway network join us on social media france rail map french train itineraries mapping france france rail map guide where french trains go and how to get tickets taking the train in france is convenient easy and now very very fast on most lines below is a map of the major rail lines in france france rail travel toolbox from paris or any city on the map that has a red line you can take a fast tgv train between cities for example from paris gare de lyon station the tgv project high speed train routes of france transit diagram presenting my next transit styled diagram this time showing all the high speed train routes that pass through france this includes the french sncf tgv trains the eurostar trains from london the thalys services from belgium and the netherlands and some ice services from germany that operate in tandem with corresponding tgv services from tgv map paris by train france tgv map showing high speed train lines in deep purple and light purple click to enlarge this tgv map shows the main tgv destinations in france train france trains map pass timetables and fares overview france s high speed rail network also connects to neighboring countries all major french cities are connected by tgv the high speed train network which travels at speeds nearly 200 mph considering that france is the size of texas your destinations are now just a whirl away