Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory plus includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonesome European country to have a living thing border with an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are afterward part of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small house boundary taking into account Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the niche of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas affix Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula just about 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman decide as regards 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician publish Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly combine all enduring independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the yet to be eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to declare most of the peninsula in the year 726, leaving only a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to outlook the invasion. afterward the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time avant-garde period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, rejection a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were furthermore many advancements in the arts, bearing in mind world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most famous Spanish educational work, Don Quixote, was along with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, considering King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high pension country, similar to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a aficionada of the allied Nations (UN), the European linkage (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence supervision (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and progress (OECD), government for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade doling out (WTO) and many additional international organisations. even though not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto aficionada of the group.
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spanish toll roads a guide to toll roads in spain spanish toll roads a guide to toll roads in spain spain has an excellent fast motorway network and unlike many european countries a lot of the stretches are toll free as a general rule you ll only find toll roads on the arterial motorways out of madrid along the mediterranean coast the southern pyrenees route from bilbao to barcelona and around the cities of seville malaga leon spain motorway map route planner the map below shows the main towns and cities of spain and the main road network free motorways are shown in blue spanish toll motorways are shown in red highway toll spain tolls eu fee for passage of motorways in spain is charged when passing the toll gate the price paid for the passage of road sections is derived according to the length of time and great maneuverability vehicle category no need to buy a vignette toll roads spain prices of tolls in spain discover everything you need to know about spain toll roads here on the map below you will be able to see all of the toll roads in spain making it easy to plan your drive in spain toll roads spain prices of tolls in spain sixt car rental spain toll roads calculate toll roads discover everything you need to know about spain toll roads here on the map below you will be able to see all of the toll roads in spain making it easy to plan your drive in spain highways in spain motorway maps road tolls maximum spain highway informations speed limits spanish highway map route and lodging motorway tolls highways in spain motorway maps road tolls maximum speed traffic info skip to content tolls in spain toll roads in spain and their charges toll roads in spain and their charges spanish toll roads and their charges motorhome and campervan travel spain toll charges in europe toll roads in spain when traveling in your motorhome or car threw spain you re bound to drive on several toll roads spain spanish roads types of road traffic signs and spanish roads have improved considerably in recent years and spain s best roads are now among the finest in europe especially the motorways unfortunately these are also among the world s most expensive roads and consequently main trunk roads carreteras are jammed by drivers who are reluctant or cannot afford to pay the high motorway tolls portugal toll roads map map of toll roads in portugal if you drive with a rental vehicle on portugal toll roads map most rental companies automatically supply the electronic device the fees are then debited on your credit card we receive the invoice 2 weeks after returning the car highway toll france tolls eu france road map passage of highway sections in france is charged with toll gates drivers traveling through the territory of france does not have to buy a vignette a fee for the use of motorways is collected according to section off about a category of vehicle or trailer at the toll gates