France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories enlarge French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amassed place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. other major urban areas complement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the tardy middle Ages, as soon as its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of modern history’s primeval republics and drafting the support of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took talent and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into account the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous appointment of governments culminating like the instigation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World conflict I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World engagement II, but came under commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was expected and far ahead dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, later than most retaining near economic and military contacts later than France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving just about 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, cartoon expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, innate one of the five surviving members of the united Nations Security Council gone the talent to veto and an endorsed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter give access of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic settlement doling out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expansion (OECD), the World Trade admin (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tolls in france avoid toll roads autoroutes tolls in france tolls in france are an almost unavoidable fact of life if you are looking to drive any great distances but this shouldn t put you off going for a driving holiday through france or a fly drive trip a route map of france with motorways main roads about the map above shows the principal arterial routes through france red for toll motorways blue for free motorways and green for main trunk routes which are mostly dual carriageways or divided highways though this is not always the case highway toll france tolls eu passage of highway sections in france is charged with toll gates drivers traveling through the territory of france does not have to buy a vignette a fee for the use of motorways is collected according to section off about a category of vehicle or trailer at the toll gates toll roads france prices of toll roads in france sixt france toll roads calculate toll prices discover everything about toll roads in france here there are over 90 toll roads in france below you will be able to see all of them on a map making it easy to plan a road trip through france driving directions map of roads and highways of france france highways list france has now a highways network of nearly 11 100 km of which about 8 000 km toll across the country the speed limit on highways is 130 km h it is lowered to 110 km h in case of rain or other precipitation french toll roads a guide to toll roads in france history of toll roads in france france was a latecomer to the idea of autoroutes and even later to the idea of toll roads for at the time the country had 77km of freeways germany already had nearly 3 000km and even france s first true autoroute from saint cloud to orgeval was completed by the occupying germans in the second world war how to pay highway tolls in france france travel planner how to pay highway tolls in france you can get yourself into a jam if you are not prepared for french toll booths here s how to prepare and to travel france s autoroutes without problems france map tools list of france related map tools there now follows a list of all the tools available on free map tools that relate to the france this includes french postal code tools driving in france all you need to know when driving in france in spite of the cost it is generally worthwhile taking motorways autoroutes unless you have time to go at a more leisurely pace however there are some useful tips to help you cut down on the cost of your trip across france asfa french motorway companies association asfa the association of french motorway companies asfa helps you to plan your motorway travel in france motorways network map traffic news route and journey webcam find all the tariffs of the french motorways and practical information tolls charge