France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories total French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic following its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and want ad centre. extra major urban areas tote up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European capability in the tardy middle Ages, gone its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the midst of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of highly developed history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the upholding of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took faculty and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. taking into account the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking office of governments culminating later than the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World engagement I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World clash II, but came below action by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, in the manner of most retaining near economic and military associates subsequently France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving on the order of 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country as soon as the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing facility parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs without difficulty in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great knack in global affairs, living thing one of the five enduring members of the united Nations Security Council considering the power to veto and an approved nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading zealot divulge of the European grip and the Eurozone, and a enthusiast of the help of 7, North Atlantic unity direction (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and expansion (OECD), the World Trade organization (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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the tour de france 2014 in english route and map tour de france in the uk 2014 the 101st edition of the tour de france started in the uk starting from the city of leeds riders enjoyed two days of cycling through the spectacular scenery of yorkshire before a third day s riding on the flatter land of the southeast between cambridge and london tour de france 2014 route and stages cyclingstage com tour de france 2014 route and stages saturday july 5th the 2014 tour de france starts in leeds england the closing stage on july 27th finishes as per usual on the champs elysees in paris tour de france 2014 route map recana masana tour de france 2014 stage 1 of the 2014 tour de here is the map for stage two of the tour de france 2014 tour de france 2014 schedule tour de france 2014 route map cyclingnews tour de france 2014 race map we are supported by our audience when you purchase through links on our site we may earn an affiliate commission tour de france 2014 route stage 2 york gb sheffield gb sunday july 6th stage 2 of the 2014 tour de france travels from york to sheffield the stage of 201 kilometres long and features some touch climbs reminiscent of the ardennes forum topic tour de france 2014 route maps page 1 for those following the 2015 tour de france i ve started putting the stages up in separate routes feel free to comment or give me feedback on anything you feel could improve the experience tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to tour de france 2014 wikipedia die tour de france 2014 fand vom 5 juli bis 27 juli 2014 statt und war die 101 austragung des wichtigsten etappenradrennens der welt die tour startete in leeds und endete nach 21 etappen traditionsgemass auf der avenue des champs elysees in paris the tour de france 2019 in english route and map the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france tour de france 2020 route what can we expect from the tour de france 2020 route stage two profile stage two will be a major departure from the traditional opening of the tour heading to the mountains on only the second day