France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories affix French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a gather together place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a sum population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic in the manner of its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. supplementary major urban areas supplement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the initiation of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The harmony of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European knack in the late middle Ages, in the manner of its victory in the Hundred Years’ prosecution (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars along with Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military skill in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of objector history’s antediluvian republics and drafting the pronouncement of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took knack and expected the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. subsequent to the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating in the manner of the creation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World suit I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World war II, but came below occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. considering liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was usual and progressive dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the supplementary colonies became independent in the 1960s, bearing in mind most retaining close economic and military contacts following France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving re 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country similar to the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing aptitude parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good faculty in global affairs, subconscious one of the five long-lasting members of the allied Nations Security Council when the skill to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading believer give access of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic harmony dispensation (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), the World Trade processing (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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map of french alps cycling climbs cycling challenge com note unfortunately not all icons climbs always appear on the map as there are too many to see more click here for big map then go to bottom left and click on page 2 pyrenees climbs map cycling challenge com cols marie blanque soulor and tourmalet 2010 tour de france stage stage 17 of the 2010 tour de france climbed the short but steep col de marie blanque the quiet and lessor know north side of col du soulor before finishing atop col du tourmalet the 5 iconic climbs of the tour de france mapmyrun whether you re looking to add a few rides to your bucket list or just want to learn more about what makes the tour de france the best bicycle race in the world these five legendary climbs are true icons tour de france 2019 3d interactive map of the route with the 2019 tour de france is a brute five summit finishes and a whole host of climbs peppered through france from the north right down to the pyrenees and the alps six key climbs of the 2019 tour de france cycling weekly profile map of the tourmalet on stage 14 of the tour de france 2019 the tour s 2019 visit to the tourmalet will be only the third time the climb has been used as a summit finish compared to the alps cycling climbs maps profiles gpx la toussuire small ski station in the les sybelles area has already carved its name in the cycling history books despite the fact that it hasn t been used in the tour de france that often official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france 15 french climbs every cyclist should conquer in the lifetime as the tour de france hits the alps we profile the climbs every serious cyclist should tackle 15 ballon d alsace vosges mountains the ascent of the ballon d alsace was one of the most list of mountain passes and hills in the tour de france the 2013 tour de france included 28 climbs ranked category 2 or higher of which seven were hors categorie climbs eight category 1 and thirteen were second category there were four mountain top finishes at ax 3 domaines in the pyrenees mont ventoux in provence and alpe d huez and annecy semnoz in the alps the tour de france 2019 in english route and map a tour of eastern and southern france the main features of the 2019 tour de france are that it is almost entirely in the eastern half of france indeed much of it will be close to france s eastern borders