Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory moreover includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonely European country to have a bodily attach as soon as an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are along with allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small home boundary as soon as Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; extra major urban areas enhance Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula nearly 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along considering ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman believe to be something like 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician herald Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and normal relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly join together every long-lasting independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was next documented as Hispania.
In the upfront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect on your own a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting occurring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering mature across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the commencement of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to outlook the invasion. bearing in mind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time unprejudiced period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were as a consequence many advancements in the arts, in the same way as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish speculative work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, behind King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing power parity. It is a aficionada of the joined Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the dispensation of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic unity presidency (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), processing for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade meting out (WTO) and many supplementary international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto supporter of the group.
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islamic spain and the reconquista explorethemed see map 4 1162 ad when ibn mardanis died his sons surrendered to the almohads who now controlled all of islamic spain see map 5 1212 ad but the christian kingdoms were by this time united in their desire to drive the muslims out of spain once and for all and the almohads proved to be no match for them in the long run the turning point in the reconquista was the battle of 20 muslim spain map castile pictures and ideas on carver priaranza del bierzo map castile leon spain mapcarta valdunquillo map castile leon spain mapcarta spain castillo de almansa albacete castle of situated frontier muslim spain map lahistoriaconmapas com reproduced from blogs c yimg jp spain and portugal history 750 ce timemaps com history map and timeline of spain and portugal in 750 ce when most of spain and portugal have been conquered by muslim forces from north africa 8th 11th century map of muslim spain hispanic muslims 8th 11th century map of muslim spain back 8th 11th century map of muslim spain back al andalus wikipedia al andalus also known as muslim spain muslim iberia or islamic iberia was a medieval muslim territory and cultural domain that in its early period included most of iberia today s portugal and spain top 10 maps from muslim civilisation when north was south 1001 inventions reveals 10 marvellous maps from muslim civilisation that include one of the earliest known maps of south amercia and maps where the world appears upside down 10 most beautiful castles in spain with photos map the castle sits on a site of a former muslim citadel and is a heritage center known as fortress of the sun that offers various cultural events the castle and its exhibits are spread over a large area which could create some obstacles for visitors with mobility problems spain muslim spain britannica com spain spain muslim spain in the second half of the 7th century ce 1st century ah byzantine strongholds in north africa gave way before the arab advance carthage fell in 698 in 705 al walid i the sixth caliph of the umayyad dynasty the first great muslim dynasty centred in damascus appointed musa ibn nuṣayr governor in the west islam in spain wikipedia furthermore spain s proximity to north africa and its small land border with the kingdom of morocco as well as a colonial presence in north africa lasting between 1912 and 1975 made muslim presence in spain possible