France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories supplement French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a amassed area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic past its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and billboard centre. further major urban areas complement Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The agreement of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the late middle Ages, behind its victory in the Hundred Years’ proceedings (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amongst Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century below Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of advanced history’s prehistoric republics and drafting the verification of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capacity and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in imitation of the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating taking into account the initiation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World clash I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World dogfight II, but came below commotion by the Axis powers in 1940. when liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was time-honored and higher dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, as soon as most retaining near economic and military associates later France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World lineage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving nearly 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing talent parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, spirit expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great gift in global affairs, being one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council with the capability to veto and an credited nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading fanatic permit of the European bond and the Eurozone, and a aficionado of the intervention of 7, North Atlantic unity meting out (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and press on (OECD), the World Trade meting out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to tour de france 2018 route stage 19 lourdes laruns tour de france 2018 route stage 19 lourdes laruns friday 27 july 2018 at 200 5 kilometres the 19th stage in the tour de france travels from lourdes to laruns amounting to an altitude gain of 4 800 metres this is the last chance for the climbers to impose themselves on the race tour de france 2017 route stage 19 embrun salon de provence friday 21 july 2017 at 220 kilometres stage 19 is the longest stage in the 2017 tour de france the route travelling from embrun to salon de provence seems to be tailor made for fast men tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide the route of the 2019 tour de france with stage maps and profile plus accommodation bike hire and tour de france cycling holidays freewheeling france tour de france 2019 route map today s stage 12 profile tour de france 2019 route map stage 19 profile full day by day schedule and when it s on tv this year s tour de france looks set to be won in the mountains with pure climbers like team ineos tour de france 2019 stage by stage guide route map stage by stage guide to the 2019 tour de france 1 52 2019 tour de france the route from brussels to paris via the pyrenees and the alps in what has been dubbed the highest race in history official route of tour de france 2019 map the 2019 tour will go through two countries belgium and france it will visit the three belgian regions bruxelles capitale flanders and wallonia and 37 departments of france the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com tour de france 2019 stage 19 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 19 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling tour de france 2019 route map stages live tv coverage the 2019 tour de france route will cover 3 460km across its 21 stages over that distance the race will ascend 30 climbs at 2nd category or above including five summit finishes