France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories augment French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a whole area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic gone its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and advertisement centre. new major urban areas count Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the coming on of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European power in the tardy center Ages, in the manner of its victory in the Hundred Years’ engagement (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars in the middle of Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capacity in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s earliest republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and standard the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. as soon as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating once the introduction of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World skirmish I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World encounter II, but came below pastime by the Axis powers in 1940. with liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and complex dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately all the further colonies became independent in the 1960s, like most retaining close economic and military connections gone France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World line Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving something like 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country subsequently the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing gift parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs capably in international rankings of education, health care, animatronics expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great capacity in global affairs, monster one of the five surviving members of the joined Nations Security Council behind the power to veto and an certified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading advocate let pass of the European devotion and the Eurozone, and a advocate of the activity of 7, North Atlantic agreement organization (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and build up (OECD), the World Trade management (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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tour de france 2017 route stage 8 dole station des rousses saturday 8 july 2017 at 187 5 kilometres stage 8 in the tour de france travels from dole to station des rousses the race takes in three cols in the jura mountains tour de france 2018 route stage 8 dreux amiens saturday 14 july 2018 stage 8 in the tour de france sets off in dreux to arrive in amiens after 181 flat to gently rolling kilometres it s bastille day so the french fast men christophe laporte and arnaud demare will be dreaming about winning this one tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and tour de france 2019 route map stage profiles dates and distance the 2019 tour de france will begin in belgium on 6 july here s what you need to know about all the sages from distance to stage 8 tour de france 2018 speedyhedgehog com stage 8 of the tour de france 2018 is 181km from dreux to amiens christian prudhomme says that any sprinter who aims to win on this day will have to deal with the gusty winds which could blow towards the end of the course stage 8 macon saint etienne tour de france 2019 thomas de gendt and julian alaphilippe back to heaven thomas de gendt claimed an epic victory in saint etienne his second one at the tour de france after the mont ventoux in 2016 at the end of a breakaway he initiated at km 0 tour de france 2019 route stage by stage guide stages 11 and 12 will be two of the most accessible stages for spectating at this year s tour de france toulouse offers excellent transport links with an airport as well as a fast tgv train link to paris this stage itself will be flat and probably best caught as a stage start or end or on a roadside with the locals just out of town the tour de france 2019 in english route and map it is also being billed as the highest tour de france ever with most of the route taking riders through the upland areas of southern france see stage details below tour de france route map by about france com 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream 2019 tour de france stages schedule map live stream how to watch in the united states originally appeared on nbcsportswashington com cycling s biggest event is here once again for the running tour de france 2019 stage 8 preview cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france stage 8 cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling tour de france 2019 stages cyclingnews com find out the latest news stage reports race scores and expert analysis from the 2019 tour de france cyclingnews com the world centre of cycling