Italy is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an place of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares entre house borders in the same way as France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). like nearly 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous enthusiast acknowledge of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to a myriad of ancient peoples and cultures, the most predominant monster the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic bearing in mind a organization of the Senate and the People that expanded and conquered parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became the leading cultural, political and religious centre of Western civilisation, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a epoch of more than 200 years during which Italy’s law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can then be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
During the before center Ages, Italy endured sociopolitical collapse and barbarian invasions, but by the 11th century, numerous opposition city-states and maritime republics, mainly in the northern and central regions of Italy, rose to great material comfort through trade, commerce and banking, laying the groundwork for objector capitalism. The Renaissance began in Italy and progress to the land of Europe, bringing a renewed raptness in humanism, science, exploration and art. Italian culture flourished, producing famous scholars, artists and polymaths. During the center Ages, Italian explorers discovered other routes to the in the distance East and the other World, helping to usher in the European Age of Discovery. Nevertheless, Italy’s personal ad and political capacity significantly waned considering the instigation of trade routes that bypassed the Mediterranean. Centuries of infighting in the midst of the Italian city-states, such as the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries, left the region fragmented, and it was later than conquered and additional not speaking by European powers such as France, Spain and Austria.
By the mid-19th century, rising Italian nationalism and calls for independence from foreign govern led to a epoch of revolutionary diplomatic upheaval. After centuries of foreign domination and diplomatic division, Italy was nearly unquestionably unified in 1861, establishing the Kingdom of Italy as a great power. From the late 19th century to the in advance 20th century, Italy hurriedly industrialised, namely in the north, and acquired a colonial empire, though the south remained largely impoverished and excluded from industrialisation, fuelling a large and influential diaspora. Despite beast one of the main victors in World clash I, Italy entered a mature of economic crisis and social turmoil, leading to the rise of a fascist dictatorship in 1922. Participation in World clash II upon the Axis side done in military defeat, economic destruction and the Italian Civil War. gone the liberation of Italy and the rise of the resistance, the country abolished the monarchy, conventional a democratic Republic and enjoyed a prolonged economic boom, becoming a extremely developed country.
Today, Italy is considered to be one of the world’s most culturally and economically highly developed countries, later than its economy ranking eighth-largest in the world and third in the Eurozone by nominal GDP. Italy has the sixth-largest worldwide national wealth, the third-largest central bank gold reserve, and a enormously tall spirit expectancy. The country plays a prominent role in regional and global economic, military, cultural and political affairs; it is both a regional knack and a great power, and is ranked the world’s eighth most-powerful military. Italy is a founding and leading fanatic of the European hold and a supporter of numerous international institutions, including the UN, NATO, the OECD, the OSCE, the WTO, the G7, the G20, the grip for the Mediterranean, the Council of Europe, Uniting for Consensus, the Schengen place and many more. The country have greatly influenced and contributed to diverse fields, notably the arts, music, literature, philosophy, science and technology, fashion, cinema, cuisine, sports, as capably as jurisprudence, banking and business. As a addendum of its cultural wealth, Italy is house to the world’s largest number of World descent Sites, and is the fifth-most visited country.
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train routes in italy italiarail planning a trip to italy consult our rail map to find the right combination of train routes to build your itinerary depending on your journey italy offers high speed frecce lines trains that connect small towns and larger cities and slower regional trains that traverse this map is just an overview of italy s rail offerings new lines are rail map italy trains in italy happyrail rail map italy trains in italy rail map italy trains in italy book now all trains in italy see the map below green lines scenic routes in italy purple lines high speed trains red lines regular train lines railway map of italy world maps railway map of italy click to see large description this map shows railroads in italy main lines high speed trains lines other lines go back to see more maps of italy italy rail map buying tickets and rail passes map of train routes in italy the red lines indicate both fast and slow train lines the orange lines indicate sections of track only for slower trains or fast trains throttled back to slower speeds remember that faster lines are being built all the time so the routes can change the map should give you an idea of the major tourist centers train italy trains map pass timetables and fares italy train italy trains map pass timetables and fares italy rail europe your best and fastest way to discover and enjoy europe italy train rail maps projectmapping co uk italy train rail maps projectmapping co uk a guide to traveling italy by train tripsavvy italy s rail system is quite extensive and less expensive than most european rail systems your friends might tell you that the only way to see italy is by car but you won t be bored with the places you can see by train over a month s period italy by train from 105 italy train routes eurail com france italy thello day train from marseille nice to milan or thello night train from paris to venice take the french sncf regional train to ventimiglia on the italian border followed by a direct intercity train to milan 4hr or genova 2hr where you can connect to trains across italy europe railway map europe map and europe train travel times start planning your interrail adventure today you can see the average train travel times between all major cities on the rail map of europe below wherever you want to go we ll help you find your way disclaimer please note that routes may change throughout the year european railway map europe map train travel times it s an interactive map so start clicking around and planning your trip click on the train icons to see the cities of each country and click on the routes the lines in between 2 train icons to see travel times the green lines represent trains the blue lines are ferries