Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory afterward includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the forlorn European country to have a visceral attach subsequently an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are afterward ration of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a little estate boundary next Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; new major urban areas tote up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula approaching 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along behind ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman pronounce not far off from 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician herald Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and established relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly merge every steadfast independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the ahead of time eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to decide most of the peninsula in the year 726, rejection isolated a handful of small Christian realms in the north and lasting stirring to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering become old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the creation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to tilt the invasion. behind the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the in front enlightened period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were along with many advancements in the arts, in the same way as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish bookish work, Don Quixote, was after that published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World origin Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, as soon as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, considering the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing aptitude parity. It is a advocate of the united Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the running of Ibero-American States (OEI), the bond for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic deal presidency (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and increase (OECD), paperwork for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade giving out (WTO) and many extra international organisations. though not an endorsed member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto zealot of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com this map is intended to be used for travel planning and to get an idea of the extent of spain s rail network it shows the major spanish cities and rail lines the lines in blue show high speed train routes the red lines are only suitable for slower trains train portugal trains map pass timetables and fares portugal trains might not enjoy the best reputation but well deserve a second look though its network has historically not developed as fast as its european counterparts portugal like its neighbor spain has recently launched state of the art services on the main line linking lisbon to faro in the south algarve and portoin the north spain train routes and map of spain eurail com map with main train connections in spain international connections from and to spain we suggest the following routes to travel between spain and other european countries france spain there is a direct train connection between barcelona and paris 6hr 25 min portugal spain take a regional train to travel from vigo to porto 3hr 30min international ferry connections to and from train portugal trains map pass timetables and fares train tickets for trains operating in portugal can be booked in advance international trains connect portugal with spain book train tickets to visit main cities of portugal by train portuguese cities including porto lisbon and coimbra are all served by trains rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast road journey map of spain and portugal google my maps account options sign in open full screen to view more trains in portugal portugal by rail interrail eu night train connecting portugal to spain the most efficient and fastest direct way to travel between lisbon and madrid you need to reserve sleeping accommodation in advance portugal by train from 82 portugal train routes portugal spain the lusitania night train links the portuguese capital lisbon with the spanish capital of madrid 11 hours the celta high speed train takes you from porto to vigo 3hr 30 min portugal france the sud expresso night train carries you from lisbon to hendaye in the south of france tgv trains operate daily from hendaye to paris example train route in portugal map with