Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory as well as includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the lonely European country to have a subconscious connect past an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are with allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small home boundary subsequent to Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas enhance Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula roughly speaking 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along considering ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came under Roman rule not far off from 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based upon the earlier Phoenician pronounce Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and conventional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate all surviving independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally all the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was after that documented as Hispania.
In the to come eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to regard as being most of the peninsula in the year 726, neglect forlorn a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting up to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering time across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to aim the invasion. past the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the before campaigner period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, desertion a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were then many advancements in the arts, subsequently world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most well-known Spanish hypothetical work, Don Quixote, was also published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World heritage Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, later than King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall pension country, in the same way as the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a fanatic of the associated Nations (UN), the European grip (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the giving out of Ibero-American States (OEI), the linkage for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic harmony government (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move forward (OECD), executive for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade organization (WTO) and many further international organisations. though not an recognized member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com rail map of spain with a guide to spanish trains destination cities and rail passes for the tourist planning a vacation in spain rail map spain train in spain happyrail rail map spain trains in spain all high speed trains all night trains all intercity trains complete timetable rail times and fares easy and fast spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave train spain trains map pass timetables and fares spain overview spain s geography is quite unique in europe madrid its centrally located capital city stands surrounded by a host of regional capitals spread along the mediterranean and atlantic coasts renfe rail network map getspain spain com andalucia northern renfe map extremadura levante madrid renfe map book renfe trains to book a renfe train we have found it much easier to use the el corte inlges website especially as they often have promotions not available on the main renfe website a beginner s guide to train travel in spain how to use see spain by train once upon a time spain had one of the most backward train networks in western europe now they have one of the best indeed one of my favourite rail systems ave trains in spain high speed rail routes tripsavvy com the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly spain train tickets acp rail spain s high speed ave trains spanish high speed ave trains alta velocidad espanola are famously known for transporting passengers to the most popular cities in record time reaching speeds of up to 350 km h the ave train covers the distance between madrid and barcelona in just 2 hours and 30 minutes spain rail passes and train tips from rick steves by rick steves are rail passes a good value for spain if you ll be taking three or more long train rides in spain a rail pass can make sense otherwise it s unlikely to save you any money especially if your train travel doesn t extend beyond spain