France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories insert French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a combine place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic afterward its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and personal ad centre. further major urban areas count up Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the place in 51 BC, holding it until the beginning of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The deal of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European gift in the tardy center Ages, following its victory in the Hundred Years’ fighting (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars amid Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military faculty in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French rebellion overthrew the perfect monarchy, establishing one of campaigner history’s outdated republics and drafting the confirmation of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took facility and customary the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. in the same way as the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous taking over of governments culminating past the launch of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World proceedings I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World charge II, but came below interest by the Axis powers in 1940. in imitation of liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and well along dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and nearly all the new colonies became independent in the 1960s, similar to most retaining close economic and military associates in the manner of France.
France has long been a global centre of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World parentage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving with reference to 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country next the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing capability parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs competently in international rankings of education, health care, moving picture expectancy, and human development. France is considered a good capacity in global affairs, visceral one of the five remaining members of the allied Nations Security Council past the gift to veto and an ascribed nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading enthusiast come clean of the European sticking to and the Eurozone, and a aficionada of the bureau of 7, North Atlantic agreement processing (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and evolve (OECD), the World Trade giving out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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maps and guides walkinginfrance info the best maps of all are the ign top 25 series with a scale of 1 25 000 which is 4 cm 1 km on these all marked walking tracks camping grounds and even the tiniest paths are shown the drawback is that you would need a huge stack of them for any reasonably long walk france walking maps stanfords discover the new double sided laminated edition of top100 road maps of france from the institut geographique national ign exceptionally detailed contoured road maps which include the cycle paths and greenways of the af3v french association for the development of cycle paths and greenways ideal for exploring the french countryside by car walking france trails and trail maps for hiking in france ign green maps scale 1 100 000 can be useful for planning but you ll want to buy the very detailed the ign 1 25 000 blue series for serious walking ign maps aren t commonly available in the us they are easily purchased in newsstands and tobacco stores in france however french walking maps themapcentre com ign blue and top 25 1 25 000 ign are the french equivalent of ordnance survey their 1 25 000 maps are superbly detailed and a must for anyone wanting to explore the french countryside they are simply the best french walking maps france walking maps alps climb europe france walking maps ign institut geographique national is the official mapping agency of the nation providing accurate reliable and detailed geographic information of the french landscape and is now a name now synonymous with outdoor leisure activities and navigation in europe paris walking map google my maps top museums shops and restaurants in paris open full screen to view more ign maps of france walkingclub org uk move the map to my location tweets and instagrams near here show waypoints with distances coordinates click the map not on a line or marker to update the os and gps coordinates os legend os 1 25k legend pdf os 1 50k legend pdf wandermap your hiking routes online track your favorite routes on map or get new route tips for training vacation and trip planning currently there are 131 913 bike routes with a total length of 3 174 783 km for training vacation and trip planning walkit com the urban walking route planner the urban walking route planner get a route map between any two points including your journey time calorie burn step count and carbon saving google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps