Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated upon the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory furthermore includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera make Spain the lonely European country to have a bodily border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are then allocation of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary taking into consideration Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; supplementary major urban areas tally Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula in relation to 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along gone ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed upon the peninsula until it came below Roman believe to be with reference to 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician pronounce Sp(a)n or Spania. At the end of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and time-honored relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly unite every remaining independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was later documented as Hispania.
In the upfront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to decide most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion without help a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting taking place to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering times across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the launch of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to turn the invasion. similar to the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the tardy 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country below the Catholic Monarchs.
In the ahead of time innovative period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, leaving behind a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken original language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were also many advancements in the arts, as soon as world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish teacher work, Don Quixote, was furthermore published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the manner of King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a high allowance country, subsequent to the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capacity parity. It is a aficionada of the allied Nations (UN), the European union (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the processing of Ibero-American States (OEI), the grip for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic concurrence doling out (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and move ahead (OECD), dispensation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade management (WTO) and many further international organisations. while not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in all summit, which makes Spain a de facto advocate of the group.
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ave trains in spain high speed rail routes the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly ave wikipedia alta velocidad espanola ave is a service of high speed rail in spain operated by renfe the spanish national railway company at speeds of up to 310 km h 193 mph alta velocidad espanola translates to spanish high speed but the initials are also a play on the word ave meaning bird rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com in spain the highest speed trains are called ave alta velocidad espanola the line that runs from madrid to sevilla takes 2 5 hours to complete much of the distance traveled at nearly 186 miles per hour ave renfe national routes ave in spain ave madrid leon madrid valladolid palencia leon ave madrid seville madrid puerta de atocha ciudad real puertollano cordoba central seville zugverbindungen in spanien karte ave und spain info hochgeschwindigkeit alta velocidad ave verbindungskarten fahrtzeiten und vorteile von zugreisen das nationale eisenbahnnetz spaniens verbindet alle hauptstadte mit madrid und verfugt uber eine standig wachsende zahl von hochgeschwindigkeitszugen ave ave high speed train spain fast trains and train routes with 3 100km of track the spanish high speed ave trains operate on the longest high speed network in europe running at speeds of up to 310 km h this extensive network allows for fast connections between cities in spain train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave spain map of cities in spain mapquest you can customize the map before you print click the map and drag to move the map around position your mouse over the map and use your mouse wheel to zoom in or out renfe rail network map getspain spain com the official renfe website even when translated into english is not the easiest of sites to navigate over the years we have found that one of the most common searches people make about the renfe network is for renfe maps so that they can work out rail routes across spain google maps find local businesses view maps and get driving directions in google maps