Spain (Spanish: Espaa [espaa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Spanish: Reino de Espaa), is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory next includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Pen de Vlez de la Gomera create Spain the lonely European country to have a physical affix gone an African country (Morocco). Several little islands in the Alboran Sea are also share of Spanish territory. The country’s mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small estate boundary like Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the recess of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.
With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the largest country in Southern Europe, the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union, and the fourth largest country in the European continent. By population (about 47 million), Spain is the sixth largest in Europe and the fifth in the European Union. Spain’s capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas count up Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Mlaga and Bilbao.
Modern humans first arrived in the Iberian Peninsula roughly 35,000 years ago. Iberian cultures along afterward ancient Phoenician, Greek, Celtic and Carthaginian settlements developed on the peninsula until it came below Roman judge in this area 200 BCE, after which the region was named Hispania, based on the earlier Phoenician post Sp(a)n or Spania. At the stop of the Western Roman Empire the Germanic tribal confederations migrated from Central Europe, invaded the Iberian peninsula and traditional relatively independent realms in its western provinces, including the Suebi, Alans and Vandals. Eventually, the Visigoths would forcibly integrate every permanent independent territories in the peninsula, including Byzantine provinces, into the Kingdom of Toledo, which more or less unified politically, ecclesiastically and legally every the former Roman provinces or successor kingdoms of what was then documented as Hispania.
In the at the forefront eighth century the Visigothic Kingdom fell to the Moors of the Umayyad Islamic Caliphate, who arrived to adjudicate most of the peninsula in the year 726, desertion solitary a handful of little Christian realms in the north and lasting in the works to seven centuries in the Kingdom of Granada. This led to many wars during a long reconquering grow old across the Iberian Peninsula, which led to the instigation of Kingdom of Leon, Kingdom of Castille, Kingdom of Aragon and Kingdom of Navarre as the main Christian kingdoms to viewpoint the invasion. when the Moorish conquest, Europeans began a gradual process of retaking the region known as the Reconquista, which by the late 15th century culminated in the emergence of Spain as a unified country under the Catholic Monarchs.
In the beforehand highly developed period, Spain became the world’s first global empire and the most powerful country in the world, neglect a large cultural and linguistic legacy that includes +570 million Hispanophones, making Spanish the world’s second-most spoken indigenous language, after Mandarin Chinese. During the Golden Age there were in addition to many advancements in the arts, in imitation of world-famous painters such as Diego Velzquez. The most renowned Spanish scholarly work, Don Quixote, was along with published during the Golden Age. Spain hosts the world’s third-largest number of UNESCO World pedigree Sites.
Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a parliamentary monarchy, in the same way as King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a major developed country and a tall income country, following the world’s fourteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and sixteenth largest by purchasing capability parity. It is a supporter of the joined Nations (UN), the European hold (EU), the Eurozone, the Council of Europe (CoE), the presidency of Ibero-American States (OEI), the sticking together for the Mediterranean, the North Atlantic settlement admin (NATO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and develop (OECD), processing for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Schengen Area, the World Trade presidency (WTO) and many extra international organisations. even though not an certified member, Spain has a “Permanent Invitation” to the G20 summits, participating in every summit, which makes Spain a de facto believer of the group.
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train connections in spain map ave and times spain high speed ave map of connections times and benefits of getting around by train the national network of spanish railways connects all capitals with madrid and has an ever expanding network of high speed trains ave ave high speed train spain fast trains and train routes with 3 100km of track the spanish high speed ave trains operate on the longest high speed network in europe running at speeds of up to 310 km h this extensive network allows for fast connections between cities in spain ave trains in spain high speed rail routes the ave is the high speed train service in spain with most services running from madrid and a few going north from barcelona you can now reach seville valencia malaga and cordoba as well as travel between madrid and barcelona quicker than you could fly rail map of spain and portugal tripsavvy com in spain the highest speed trains are called ave alta velocidad espanola the line that runs from madrid to sevilla takes 2 5 hours to complete much of the distance traveled at nearly 186 miles per hour renfe rail network map getspain spain com andalucia northern renfe map extremadura levante madrid renfe map book renfe trains to book a renfe train we have found it much easier to use the el corte inlges website especially as they often have promotions not available on the main renfe website spain train routes and map of spain eurail com spain has an extensive high speed train network which will get you where you want to go a lot faster compared to the regional train system however for the high speed trains you ll need to book a seat reservation renfe trains spain rail map train tickets routes spanish train services are solely run by renfe which is owned by the state government renfe trains provide regional national and even international train routes including the high speed ave train ave wikipedia alta velocidad espanola ave is a service of high speed rail in spain operated by renfe the spanish national railway company at speeds of up to 310 km h 193 mph alta velocidad espanola translates to spanish high speed but the initials are also a play on the word ave meaning bird a beginner s guide to train travel in spain how to use see spain by train once upon a time spain had one of the most backward train networks in western europe now they have one of the best indeed one of my favourite rail systems renfe renfe spain pass tourist trains themed trains download our app renfe ticket renfe cercanias renfe timetables follow us on featured products renfe offers and promotions discounts and promotions renfe viajes plan your trip with us timetables and prices ave ld avant and md commuter trains and feve timetables and lines prices and discounts know about them spain pass visit spain