France (French: [fs] (About this soundlisten)), officially the French Republic (French: Rpublique franaise, pronounced [epyblik fsz] (About this soundlisten)), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories.[XIII] The metropolitan place of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories increase French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country’s 18 integral regions (five of which are situated overseas) span a collection place of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million (as of July 2019). France is a unitary semi-presidential republic later than its capital in Paris, the country’s largest city and main cultural and announcement centre. new major urban areas adjoin Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia. The concurrence of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into East Francia, center Francia and West Francia. West Francia, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, emerged as a major European skill in the tardy middle Ages, in the same way as its victory in the Hundred Years’ feat (13371453). During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world. The 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars surrounded by Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). France became Europe’s dominant cultural, political, and military capability in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the tardy 18th century, the French disorder overthrew the absolute monarchy, establishing one of protester history’s out of date republics and drafting the declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation’s ideals to this day.
In the 19th century, Napoleon took capability and time-honored the First French Empire. His subsequent Napoleonic Wars (180315) shaped the course of continental Europe. bearing in mind the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous attainment of governments culminating following the foundation of the French Third Republic in 1870. France was a major participant in World war I, from which it emerged victorious, and was one of the Allies in World case II, but came below endeavor by the Axis powers in 1940. subsequently liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was normal and forward-thinking dissolved in the course of the Algerian War. The Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains today. Algeria and approximately every the other colonies became independent in the 1960s, bearing in mind most retaining near economic and military connections past France.
France has long been a global middle of art, science, and philosophy. It hosts the world’s fourth-largest number of UNESCO World extraction Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving in this area 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country bearing in mind the world’s sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and tenth-largest by purchasing skill parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs skillfully in international rankings of education, health care, excitement expectancy, and human development. France is considered a great aptitude in global affairs, creature one of the five long-lasting members of the united Nations Security Council with the gift to veto and an qualified nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading supporter own up of the European hold and the Eurozone, and a devotee of the outfit of 7, North Atlantic unity running (NATO), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and enhance (OECD), the World Trade dealing out (WTO), and La Francophonie.
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bretons wikipedia many people throughout france claim breton ethnicity including a few french celebrities such as marion cotillard suliane brahim malik zidi patrick poivre d arvor yoann gourcuff nolwenn leroy and yann tiersen region bretagne map of france the region is the first level of administrative divisions on the france map the region of bretagne has the number 53 and is divided into 4 departments 15 districts 201 townships and 1270 municipalities large brittany maps for free download and print high detailed and high resolution maps of brittany france for free download travel guide to touristic destinations museums and architecture in brittany brittany maps france maps of brittany bretagne about brittany the facts departments cotes d armor finistere ille et vilaine morbihan capital rennes cities quimper saint malo brest population bretagne karte der beste uberblick uber den nordwesten ja ich willige ein dass mir la bretonelle an meine unten genannte e mail adresse kostenlos newsletter zusendet ich bin jederzeit berechtigt meine einwilligung zu widerrufen entweder per e mail an newsletter la bretonelle de oder per klick auf den abmeldelink im newsletter maps of brittany france brittany france maps of brittany france brittany is a region in france which currently comprises of four departments cote d armor finistere morbihan and ille et vilain brittany has a population of around 4 5 million which is about 6 of the overall population of france according to the 2015 figures hameau le breton map france google satellite maps welcome to the hameau le breton google satellite map this place is situated in cherbourg manche basse normandie france its geographical coordinates are 49 39 0 north 1 41 0 west and its original name with diacritics is hameau le breton le vau breton map france google satellite maps welcome to the le vau breton google satellite map this place is situated in chinon indre et loire centre france its geographical coordinates are 47 8 0 north 0 15 0 east and its original name with diacritics is le vau breton capbreton map of capbreton 40130 france map of capbreton at right you can find the localization of capbreton on the map of france below this is the satellite map of capbreton a road map and maps templates of capbreton are available here road map of capbreton capbreton wikipedia dieser artikel behandelt die franzosische gemeinde im departement landes zur insel in der kanadischen provinz nova scotia siehe kap breton insel